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It is similar, in the Eastern Indies, with the pepper, the nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), the camphor tree and the cinnamon tree;

Myristica fragrans

In the southern archipelago, the Pao tree; On the coast of Guine, the specie of cardamom, cultivated there, etc., are indicative of special climatic conditions and local factors. In the Rio Negro Basin, we see also the tree of Pexurim, which almost always appears.

Theobrama cacao, the chocolate tree

Theobrama cacao, the chocolate tree

The cocoa tree, on the other hand, and the Salsaparilla play an important role because they grow in an area of much wider extension. In their geographical and physical characteristics they are top competitors with all the rest. See (note III).

The eastern shores of the Xingu, where we find ourselves, are somewhat higher than the western, where two rivers, the Jaraucu and the little Guajara flow through several mouths in the Amazon, and, by a bifurcation so common in these waters, also communicate with the Xingu which is above the mouth of this river, almost in front of the port of Moz.

This channel, linking the Xingu with those rivers, and running parallel with the Amazon, separating a region of the continent, low and covered with thorns and swamps, is known by the name of the “hole of Aquiqui”. The same name applies to the first mouth in the Amazon (or the main estuary of the Jaraucu); The second mouth (or the Guajara) is also called Magoari. Many sailors, following the course westward, prefer to travel in this channel Aquiqui, especially in the months when the Eastern wind is calmer, in order to avoid the current of the Amazon. However, the inhabitants of Port of Moz frightened us, describing the plague of mosquitoes there, where also, at the distance of 10 leagues, because of countless curves, boatmen navigate it only rarely with the wind. Using instead the force of our oars, we preferred to pursue the nearby Amazon itself. We sought to always catch the land wind, which begins to blow early in the morning, and, later in the afternoon, at dusk, to go around the cape of the West Bank. After boarding, when we left the village on the Amazon, we made the most prudent decision to anchor near the mouth of the Aquiqui, and wait for nightfall. We hung our nets between the low trees of the bank, and we explored the island formed by the Aquiqui and the Xingu island both called Aquiqui.

Rio Xingu islands

Rio Xingu meets Rio Aqui Aqui ?

The indians tried their luck, fishing with nets in the river, while others were preparing a turtle for dinner.

Looking closely at the grove of those pleasant sandy shores, we find it surprising in similarity with the vegetation of many southern regions, particularly those of the valley of the Parana, in Goias, and the flat lands of the rivers Formoso and Carinhanha.

We felt transported as if by magic in the latitude ten degrees further south. These lower trees had stronger abnormal growths from insect infections, with smaller, drier, hairy or furry foliage.