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Indians, and they lived in a line of small, poorly-whitewashed houses, covered with palm leaves, and were not currently prosperous. On their small patch of fertile terrain, they chose their crop, particularly that of coffee.

Coffee tree

The inhabitants prefer to take advantage of the abundance of Salsaparilla

Salsaparilla, the Sassafras tree

and native cocoa trees, in the nearby islands and along the Xingu River.

Cocos nucifera

One of the inhabitants decried the decadence of the village, which, as he said, in the time of Father Tucura was much better. Our interpreter explained, laughing, that, the name of father-Tucura or Father Grasshopper, referred to a Capuchin nun, and the Indians called them so, because of their pointy hats. We identified, in a neighborhood of the village, the same kind of rock in Breves and in Belem do Para. The gray rock appears here, sometimes, in pieces of the size of a foot and smaller, of red and yellowish-red color, connected to a Magal or ferruginous cement. On top of the rock and in its cavities, the cement formed by the decomposing levels of the stone, a very fine clay, which lends itself not only to tiles, but also to beautiful modeling clay; With the clay the Indians manufacture, in particular large pots, which are exported to Cameta, to Belem and to the interior.

Until this point, we still had no view of the Amazon land with this, which rises twenty-five feet above the river. Our eyes were not tired of contemplating the immense surface of the water to N. E., which is only limited by the island of Jauariuba, one of the largest among Gurupa.

Gurupa islands

The distance is calculated as twenty-seven leagues to Macapa, on the border, and that, however, because of the countless islands, is not visible. Leaving here, from the entrance of the canal between the continent and the islands of Gurupa, the ships usually, seek the northern coast of the Amazon to make the crossing, because the direction of the eastern coast of Marajo is much more dangerous.

The trip from Gurupa to Macapa was made, with favorable wind, in 36 hours, because it crosses the mouth of the Amazon, free of islands, in eight leagues.

Macapa today

This part of the sailing between the Vieirinha Basin and the port of Macapa, required strong boats, and was made with the aid of the ebb tide and the land wind, which blows all night long. Another path, taken by most of the boatmen, is between the northeast channels of Gurupa.

Of all the trips through the waters of the Amazon, the one from Belem do Para, skirting the Cape of Magoari to Macapa, and the navigation to the north of this village, are taken as the most dangerous. However, an Indian, inspired by faithful conjugal love, rode through the tremendous