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of Breves; As a general rule, the inhabitants seem to live in absolute unconcern. Some fish, which the husband brings home, some fruits of the bush or roots that the woman reap, besides her dry flour, or flour stirred with water (Tiquara), and a sad looking banana tree in the yard, constitute the usual meal; when food is abundant, they usually keep a couple of turtles in a paddock, in reserve for hungrier times.

How much more enjoyment, however, would this region provide, if they knew how to use their exuberant Nature like the entire island of Marajo has learned to do ! At such a privileged latitude, just below the equator, Marajo can provide almost all the colonial products of the tropics. But the incredible ease, with which the newly introduced oxen and horses, multiplied, almost without the care of the colonists, was reason enough for the settlements to ignore the fertility of the Earth;

Cattle breeding has been, even here, the only industry explored. All the islands are low, except for one mountain, that is never flooded by the great rivers that form it because its margins rise above the water line, on all sides, especially on the northern coast. However, it is also fertilized annually during the rainy season, due to partial but extensive flooding, produced by the numberless rivers, streams and ponds. There is gold on this mountain. with the exception of the north side, where the back, in many points, is covered with sand. There are numerous coves, and the ill-fated particularly mind the swampy stretch of a wide water, full of Tripe, in the northern part of the island, between the springs of the Anaja River and the great lake Piscosa of Arari, which is in communication with the river of the same name.

Rio Ariari

Densely coated with Safflowers, spiny palm trees and reeds, this is the favorite address for Jaguars and large crocodiles, making transit extremely painful and dangerous for travelers of the human species.

Rio Ariari today

The vegetation is distributed in a wonderful way on the island: half, to the northeast, in general somewhat higher and drier, is composed of grassy fields; to the southwest, but more aqueous, are woods, flooded in the months of rain,

Etching 6

similar, by the tangle and density, to the jungles found in the lower Amazon basin. The boundary between these different forms of vegetation is found on the northern coast of the island, to the east of the mouths of the Jurara-Parana river; Then the boundary passes through the regions of the springs of the Cururu, Mucuins and Anaju rivers, until the middle of the island, where several large lagoons communicate, forming a small Mediterranean system, and from there to the southeast, through