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Our Indians were rowing actively, in fact, as they usually did in the rainy season; but we sailed slowly, for the river; in the main channel, was very fast, in addition to having many obstructions that often forced us to bypass them.

On the night of January 10, we passed by the mouth of the Miriti-parana; was about 30 bracas wide. On January 12, at noon, we reached Manacaru, a settlement of the Juris Indians, which with conditions like those of Uarivau, maintains good relations with the whites. Also here is a small part of the inhabitants living in 8 or 10 huts; most of them live in the woods. These are huts are made with a circle of poles locked with vines, with a conical roof of palm leaves, having a low door, like those of the Cauixanas or the "little ones" of Paraguay, who, because they were small, received this denomination.

You cannot see a crack or a window, but as you enter you will find a walled room of clay, all enclosed, where you can follow the animal tracks. This is where the Indians go in the time of the flood, to escape the persecution of the pests, a terrible species of mosquitoes, which, at times, hang in dense swarms over the region. Among the household utensils I noticed an instrument, I had never seen before, used to grate manioc: a pyramid-shaped apparatus made of three slats, among which small pointed stones are fixed. The juice flows from the appliance into a baking dish, placed below.

My health was shaken again; and we decided to stop here for a few days. The chief of the village was outside, with a mameluco of Ega,

Black indians, the mamalucas

ready to descend the river, and, therefore, only the smallest part of the inhabitants are present. The Juris here, as we had seen before in the siege of Uarivau, all formed a tribe in common.


They were linked by the same language, but divided into different families or secondary hordes, that resembled the descriptions of the Uainumas, who had taken diverse names.

The Juris are considered as one of the related tribes of the Passes, and undoubtedly once were together.

Their language was closest to the national one, and the shape of the body bears a strange likeness; however, the Juris seemed to me generally having broader features, broader chests, and being less slender. Customs, occupations, weapons, enemies, religious and cosmogonic beliefs, are identical between the two.


Formerly they were, with the exception of the Miranhas and Uainumas, the most powerful tribe between the Ica and the Japura;

but nowadays they do not count more than 2,000 souls, since they were, before the others, taken to the colonies of the whites, and there they were extinguished as a result.