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some reward, and he would accompany us all the way, but in that case he would have to take his daughter. Having deflected this objection and satisfied her father's greed with a good gift of tools, and satisfied the daughter's vanity with my beads and aprons, she finally promised to accompany us to the falls, and I rejoiced to have conquered, in this solitude, the goodwill of so dangerous a man. I have told this incident in detail, because of my knowledge of this Indian's character and customs, as nothing was favorable. A bad reputation affects high intelligence with the same low feelings as those have who deliver to the Brazilian savages the repugnant ambitions of the newcomers. With Pachico came some canoes of the Coretus.

In the afternoon, they danced with the feather adornments, which I later bought from their chief. Their movements were unimpressive, accompanied by a monotone chant and the sounds of cane flutes. The master dancer carried in his hand an imposing javelin, adorned with feathers; the others had the same

weapons, and, around the left forearm, delicate castanets, made of beetle wings, with a tuft of black feathers. All of them were of short stature, but very robust. Except for the chief, they were naked, wearing a simple suspender, fastened with cotton threads. His language seemed to me extremely guttural, and even more difficult to understand, because they would close their teeth in speaking. They are less civilized than the Coerunas,




and Juris, which seemed to prove a great devotion to Pachico’s ideals. Their mortal enemies are their neighbors. Also this tribe was weakened through the generations, after the foundation of colonies in Solimoes and Rio Negro. The nucleus of them must dwell among the Jupuas and Coerunas allies, on the Upper Apaporis,

Rivers of Brazil

Upper Amazon

and between this river and the miriti-parana channel. Those who settled in Sao Joao do Principe were married mostly with women of the Uainuma tribe.

These mixed marriages are very frequent among the Indians who live outside the association of their tribe, and who want to take shelter by the union with the innumerable families of their women. All the female members of the couples become, in a certain way, protector and servant of the husband; with marriage, the latter's care about maintenance is relieved, for the woman, as much as is possible, takes care of him in behalf of the indolent man.

On January 1, 1820, in the afternoon, we left Sao Joao do Principe, and we followed three leagues ahead to Praia de Utaru, where we spent the night among huge bonfires.

The next morning we went to the Uarivau site, where Chief Miguel lives, the leader of the Juri tribe, well known throughout Japura.

This Indian was broad, short-haired, with sparkling eyes that revealed the energy of warrior who had for some years led a horde of about 100 individuals here,