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(Note I). To the left, there was a lake of sewage. In the village, all surrounded by water and weeds, we had the first mosquito challenge during the night, so that I went to a quiet, well-enclosed room to calmly pass the night. I had the opportunity to obtain information on the language of the Uainumas, a nation of Japura, which pierces the nose and ears, and obtained information about the Jumana.

Jumana have an oval tattooed around the mouth, which in men is wider than in women, and from the mouth to the ears there is a simple line.


They believe in a good and evil being, called Uauuloa and Locozy, who both live above the earth, towards the sun. They fear the evil being; believe that the good appears after death, to eat fruit with the dead, and to take the soul to his abode. The corpse of the dead man was put in a large earthenware vessel, with its ends curled and his face toward the rising sun, together with their broken weapons, and some fruit, which is carried on the lap. Over the grave, dancing and howling, they put the deceased's clothes and new fruits; they remove them after a few days, and give them to the children or burn them. A drunken party then concludes the ceremonial. They seek to make the tomb unknown externally, so that the corpse is not stolen by enemies. The woman is asked in marriage through the parents, through gifts, in particular food. The chief has first choice. The wedding is celebrated with dances and songs. As soon as the child can stand, it is sprinkled with the cooking of certain leaves, and receives the name of one of its ancestors. The names are different, according to the sexes, for example: Maicayu, for girls; Apailacare, Euxapuya, Payan, for boys.

On December 8, we returned to Barra do Lago, and then sailed past the Parauari Point, which, according to La Condamine, is the former Gold Village of Teixeira, currently depopulated. Soon we saw to our right, behind some islands, the mouth of the famed Japura, for which my faithful companion of sufferings would pursue a trip to the Spanish territory. In fact, the Japura is included among the rivers of second class; it stretches, however, far, on the other side of the Serra das Araras, and is still inhabited, in part, by cannibals.

Of these are especially the Miranhas. In the physical structure, they also resemble other Indians in Brazil.

Miranha chief

The main distinctions of the American race are: the color of copper, of different dark gradations; the relatively greater width than length of all parts; small stature (Indians of five and a half to 6