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Mazagao, Morocco, in 1769, and settled here with their industries, and in the vicinity, as cultivators. Most of them moved on, however, to the northern villages of Mazagao and Macapa. The farmers, called the rockers, diverge less, in customs and habits, from the citizens, than the inhabitants of equal condition in the provinces of the south, more so than the country folks of Pernambuco and those designated derisively as peasants in Bahia because the difference there between civilization in the big cities and the simplicity of the men of the countryside is not felt here so sharply.

From this part of the population which with more or less reason is labeled as white (and that designation gives credit to its Euro-origin), the families of mixed race are closer to white.

Cafuso right

Then there are the Cafusos, mostly mixed with indian blood, whereas, in the most distant inhabited and more civilized province of Pernambuco, these Naturals call themselves Sons of The Earth. They live scattered around the city and in the small villages to the north of the capital, on the island of Marajo and on the banks of the Para river. Finally, the Blacks and the Indians form the lowest class of the population. These people are free; however, as the language indicates, they are not sophisticated, but only the meek, remainders of the former population; they are the indigenous people living among immigrants. These two last races, forming a large class of the people in the province of Para, live a civilized, though undisciplined life, without instruction or religion and only earn for their few needs, which appear to be, mainly the sugar cane candy, rum and women. The waters full of fish, the little piece of fertile land around their hut give them the necessities, without much effort. So careless of the time, the half-civilized man eludes himself in this life, whose higher aspirations he will never know.

It is evident that this kind of patriarchal life values comfort and the bourgeois life, so slowly there could be progress towards higher civil development. In the simplicity, ingenuity and isolation of these families, little is felt of the greatest theme of Civilization : the protection of the law. The father of the family has no notion of the State and his obligations to the State.The life in the capital, the cost of Administration and justice, the rules, the diplomatic obligations of the State, are things for him unknown, and the taxes charged by the government for these purposes seem to him nonsense. Each fee or any other official contribution, he considers to be oppressive. Every opportunity to dodge them seems fair and excusable. To him, to join the army or the police, seems like slavery, from which he flees.