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of the brother of Marques de Pombal. When the visitor arrives in the city itself, he finds more than the outward appearance promised: solid, built for the most

part of stonework stones, the houses are outlined on wide streets, which are cut at right angles, or form extensive beaches. The architecture is simple, rarely having the houses more than two floors; almost always with patios, are even built in less large proportions and less decorated than those of Maranhao,. They are simply whitewashed and generally without glass; but on the whole clean, comfortable, and give the impression of happy domestic life.

Santa Maria da Gracia is a building, indeed, not high, but worthy, suitable to dispose souls to elevation and serenity. The side chapels are adorned with oil paintings, attributed to Portuguese masters, but of little artistic value.

Jesuit College

The old college of the Jesuits, today the residence of the bishop and if a minaret, honors the born taste and spirit of initiative of the Company of Jesus, formerly so powerful. The church attached to it is now the Holy House of Mercy.

In the part of the city facing east to the mainland, is the Public Promenade, instituted by the providence of the late D. Marcos de Noronha and Brito, Conde dos Arcos (1), who began his beneficent career in Brazil, assuming the Government of Para. He acquired a piece of loose land, which was reclaimed and furnished with avenues of beautiful trees, and the only street of the city.

Pachira aquatica, the Munguba tree

The mungubeiras (Bombay, Munguba, Mart.) and on the summits (Ceiba, L.) (2), the trees of Artocarpus incisa, Forst. , mangoes (Mangifera indica, L.), the mombins (Spondias myrobalanus, L.) (3) grew in the last decade, giving trunk. and they decorate with their shade the pleasant region, where there is some spiritual vitality.

Ceiba penulata

Artocarpus incisa

Mangifera indica

Spondia mombin

With this effective planting, Para city profited in health, and here one is not plagued by the diseases that are observed in the tropics. The yellow fever, which sometimes appeared in neighboring Cayenne, for example, in 1778, and, according to the news, was also devastating in Pernambuco in the year 1687, has never been declared here.

1) O. Conde dos Arcos, D. Marcos de Ruizellrito, ruled Grao-Para from 1803 until he was replaced by Jose Narciso de Magalhacs de Meneses, in 1806. He ruled Rio de Janeiro from 1806 until the capture of the prince then D. Joao VI. And it was the peninsula of Bahia, from 1810 to 1818, where he was replaced by the Count of Palma, Don Francisco de Assis Mascarcnhas, deposed in 1821. (Note of History, Inst. Hist. And Geogr. Bras.).
2) Mongubeira, of the family Bombaceas, and, according to Almeida Pinto, the same sumaumeirri of Para, called munguba in Alagoas, barriguda in Pernambuco, paineira in Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. (Nola da Rev., 111st Hist. And Geo Gr. Bras.).
3) Mombim (or, better, mombina, found in Aulcte's "Dictionnaire") and also called a variety of imbit (Spondias tuberosa), also called in the Amazon "plum-eapanha".(Notn da rev., Inst. Hist. C Geogr. Bras.).