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zabeles (Tinamus brasiliensis) (1), scratching like domestic chickens. Their eggs are the size of cute, brown, chocolate-colored, tasty chicken eggs.

The Arauai River (that is, "rio das macaws"), which rises in the Goritas Mountains, and limits the plateau to the east, passes to two borders of Barreiras. We reached there before dark, and we were fortunate enough to find a small canoe during the passage where we carried our luggage. The mules were driven into the river. The clear-water river is about thirty feet wide here, and runs from southwest to northeast on a bed of oligyst-containing mica schist, whose iron is severely disintegrated and which is traversed at various points by quartz gums and the hydrochloric schist. Eschwege. Even more pronounced itabirite appears in a stream, which, further down, flows into Arauai. A lot of gold was washed here before. Diamonds are rarely found in Arauai, however, this river is not, like Jequitinhonha, under the watchful eye of the Tejuco steward. However, on the banks of this last river, no house is built without the license of the powerful official. Not far from the left bank, we stayed overnight in a miserable ranch whose owner had set up a kind of mill to make cornmeal. With the roar of the waters so close and the rumbling of the wheels, reminding us of the celebrated adventures of Don Quixote, we could not sleep in the serene exposed shed, and we rejoiced in the light of dawn, to be able to ride a horse. and see again in the beautiful, high fields, on whose plain, out of sight, the Serra de Santo Antonio once again looked upon us like a blue island.

Etching 23 Serra de Santo Antonio

After we climbed a steep high hill, and left behind us a good walking league, we reached the jungles of the Itamarandiba Valley, one of the fastest flowing rivers tributary of the Arauai.

Itamarandiba Valley today

In it appears mica schist, with coffee-colored mica and white quartz, containing, at both points the view, itabirite, whose layers, slightly inclined to the west, follow the orientation of S. to N. It is noted in this change: Oligystic shales, partly disintegrated and ocherous, are displaced by more quartz.
In the woods of the area we we find a species of Mabea, whose stem, known by the name of kite-straw, is used for pipe, and whose bitter bark is used for fever.

Struthio rhea

In the fields we saw the first flocks of rheas, which from then on constantly appeared in large numbers. Piedade, a poor village with 1,500 people in the parish, was the goal of our day trip.

Piedade today

(2) In the original, jealousies. The Brazilian bird, from the Perdiceas family, is called zabele in Baia and other northern regions, while in the center and west it is called jao. (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. And Geogr. Bras.).