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Coca, Cervus simplicicornis

the catingas, the corca of the fields and catingas, the tapirs, the woodcock,

Perdix guyanensis, quail

the quail, the species of sparrow pigeons, black anus and above all the white;

Bucco barbicans

Trochilidae, hummingbirds

buccos, many species of hummingbirds, parakeets and woodpeckers, the small finches that hang long nests, made of sticks, etc., also animate the peaceful fields of Tejuco, as well as the others of Minas. However, the observant traveler already foresees the proximity of a new fauna characteristic of the sertao and never before seen in the trips here, the species of animals that appear there in

Gavia rupestris

large numbers; they are the ones that, like the moco (Gavia rupestris, Neuw.) inhabit the cracks of the itacolumite rocks,

Guara, maned wolf

the guara (Indian bison); lurking in the burrows (Canis Azarae, Neuw.) the large and medium sized tinamids, and the codome, the inhambu, the swamp's beak (Scolopax paludosa media, Lath.), the green sparrow (Fringilla campestris) and many new species and genera of insects.

Tinamus brasiliensis


Also the climate of the Diamantino District corresponds to that of Vila Rica; However, in Tejuco itself, the variations of heat and wind are not as sensitive as in that city. We observed during our stay that, at 8 o'clock in the evening, the thermometer usually read from 11 to 12 degrees R.; in the morning, o'clock, 8 to 9 degrees. The lowest barometer indication we found was 25 ¼ (299.82 Lin.); the highest, 25 3/4 (300.62 Lin.) (1). Here, the average presumed temperature in the winter months is 12 ° R.; in the summer months, 19 ° to 20 ° R. The dry season of the year begins in April or May, during which the east wind generally predominates. Waters time comes in October; however the rains are heavier, especially accompanied by violent thunderstorms in November and December. In January, there is usually a break of a few weeks, with good weather and clear sunshine, which is usually called summer. In rainy years, the northern winds blow more often.

The characteristic of the diseases is here, as in Vila Rica and in the highlands, of the inflammatory, catarrhal or rheumatic genus; throat and lung inflammation, acute hydrops of the chest and colitis are common. The many blacks who inhabit the District unfortunately determine the exposure of the sad spectacle of elephantiasis that affects so many individuals (Note II). Another black disease, the frequency of which we had occasion to check, is the so-called arcus senilis, the hardening (arcing) of the cornea around the pupil. This disease, which predisposes to the weakness of the eyes of this race, has its reason probably in the blinding glare of the sun, which the white cliffs reflect, in the strain of the eyes, in the congestion of blood to the head, as

(I) 25½ and 25¾ are inches (Rev. Nola, Ed. Melh.).