Remember the Rainforest 1
included in it in many places and under identical conditions. The diamond always appears on high ground, at two or three thousand feet above sea level; in
the formation of gneiss and a species of dolomite is found.
In a way, the vegetation of the Diamantino District is the most peculiar and well-formed field flora that can be seen on the plateau. The meetings of Liliaceas, Velosias and Barbacenias, are more abundant here than in other parts of Minas,
and are even considered by the local people as an indication of the existence of the diamond. Among the hairy, gray-green grass, which, to a large extent, covers
Madressilva, Lonicera flexuosa, or commonly, Honeysuckle
Banisterias, Panaxes and Vernonias flourish. In the groves of the valleys, by the waters and the swamps, the species of Stirax, Anonas, Xylopias, and Mabeas predominate, next to arborescent ferns and closed fences of shrub gramineas. On the hard ground, a Thesium with its yellowish brown sticks appears, which are often wrapped with tangles of the parasite Cassita, or of the strange
Cabeca-de-Frade, a Melocactus, which looks like a turban with slices of red fluff. Delicate Utricularias and variegated Burmese trim the edges of the streams. The whitish cliffs, banks and rocks of the quartzite are adorned with
isolated orchids, species of large-flowered Amarilis or groups of Bromeliads, with whose filamentous roots the inhabitants prepare yellow paint. Instead of the carpet of moss, which lines the green stone of our Alps with green velvet, here the rock is only lined with parched, whitish lichen.
Less characteristic than plants are animals in this especially demanding region; being less attached to the place, spreading more easily and quickly, they therefore generally spread in large numbers over the surface of the earth. Therefore, the Diamantino District, in common with the nearby mine zones, most of the species of the fields themselves and of the virgin coastal forests. Some little marmosets, anteaters, armadillos, the jaraticacas, dwellers
Dasypus sexcintus, armadillo