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which are harmed in proximity of this plant, which they consider very hot. In August, when the capsules are perfectly ripe, and already all dried up, the feet are torn off, tied in bundles and beaten on a clean cloth. The seeds produce almost half their weight of a pale, pale, pale yellow oil, which, similar to almond, can be used in the kitchen. For lamps, the oil of the wonderful castor

Ricinus communis

Ricinus communis, the castor bean

bean (Ricinus communis, R. viridis, R. inermis, and others) is used, which is usually planted near the houses and on the edge of the farms. The production of castor oil can consist annually of between 50 and 60 thousand canadas. As is well known, the two aforementioned species of oily seeds are previously dried in a moderate oven, then crushed between two cylinders, which rotate in opposite directions, and are finally allowed to stand in a boiler over low heat. In preparing castor oil, by the way, one does not take great care, as it is rare that they use it as a medicine; In the city, only foreign oil from the English Antilles is used for this purpose. Another species of oil for illumination is prepared with andiroba seeds


Carapa guyanensis

(Angiroba, Nandiroba, Carapa guyanensis, Aufl.; Gylocarpus, Schreb.), a tall, wild tree from the humid forests, whose fruits ripen in large numbers in June. and July. These fruits, the size of a child's head, are full of angular seeds, which are either boiled in water or exposed to the sun, trodden and then pressed into the press to extract from them the large portion of oil contained therein. This fatty oil, the "Carapa huile" of the French colonies, is of great bitterness, and can therefore only be used for lighting and soap preparation. It is also considered protection against insects, so they rub the furniture with it. Blacks employ it especially to cure flea bites.

Tobacco plantation

Tobacco - It has been carefully cultivated, only in more recent times and particularly in the maritime districts, located further south of the province. It is sown in humid places, and the seedlings are buried in strong, rather dry, thin ground, four hands apart, in pits made with hoe.

Tobacco field

It is planted at the end of the rainy season in July and August, so that moisture is not detrimental to the specific principle of the leaves. The farmer's only job is then clearing them of weeds and turning the soil over and over again to renew the land with his feet. It is estimated that twenty-four leaves should give a pound of smoke. In dry years, it seems that the product acquires excellent quality.

Turmeric, Ginger - By the stimulating influence of the Trading Company, the cultivation of turmeric (yellow or brown ginger, Curcuma longa, L.),


Tumeric, Cucumis

and ginger (white on bitter ginger, Zingiber officinale, Rose.) was introduced, and was so much demand, that from 1760 to 1771, the considerable amount of 21,084 arrobas was exported.

Zingiber officinale, ginger

Little by little, however, this branch of agriculture has almost completely ceased, so that only in one place and another, in the gardens of Ilha do Maranhao and in the farms along the Ribeira do Itapicuru, you can see a few feet. Ginger is very easily planted by the buds of the roots, put in moist ground, at the end of the water, in rows. Ginger is harvested after four months and turmeric after one year.