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pigs, goats and sheep, and milk and cheese production, which are not included in government profits. It includes the king's slave farm, from which the slaves only receive clothes and meat, because for the most, they want to give them the power to plant their farm and raise their young. The annual production of the cattle is also removed from the tithe.

Livestock rearing in these regions depends exclusively on rain. If by the end of December the rainy season starts, it reaches the apogee of its abundance by the end of February, and then it will diminish in intensity by the end of April; In that season water fills innumerable troughs and pits, the earth softens, and the pasture grows lush. During this time the cows, who, like all cattle, live in the field, are confined to the pens, where they spend the nights, to be milked in the morning, and to prepare the cheeses.

From May onwards, cows are again left in the pasture. Sometimes it happens that there is no rain in February, and then cheese production becomes impossible, because the milk does not reach the amount of fat needed, and the herds, other than a few cows for domestic service, always need to stay in the pastures. Great epidemics are not uncommon then, and cattle die as quickly, as they multiply in the rainy and fertile years. Large and well-formed cattle are distinguished by their long, pointed horns and diversity of color.

Horses are not so good. Only rarely do they reach little more than the average size, they are of weak bone and little strength. The beautiful horses must be mounted very carefully. In order to accustom them to the wide walking pace and raise their front paws high, they place disc-shaped pads above the front joint and allow the hooves to grow. This last process is also used to save horseshoes that, here and in the neighboring province of Maranhao, with the roads impassable part of the year, are certainly not as necessary as in Bahia, Minas and Rio de Janeiro.

Rarely do these horses live for more than 12 years, due in part to irregular feeding and the influx of violent climate changes, and in part due to the excessive effort required of them to travel, hunt and run for cattle. One disease to which horses are very subject here is the loose dilation of the right intestine; it grows in a shapeless extension, until the gangrened animal dies. Horses, which suffer from this disease, similar to that of men's intestinal worms, are called cavalos-rotos.

The cattle, belonging to the king, are sold annually the highest bidders. The price varies a lot. An ox in 1818 was 5 $ 400; in