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thanks to the recommendation of Mr. Felisberto Caldeira, and had already cleared some parts of the road, which were almost covered with grass. The road to Anastacio rises gradually, and passes over granitic terrain that sometimes alternates with gneiss, and upon which erratic blocks are often scattered.


Through dense catingas surrounded by huge cacti, Domingos da Mota led us still about two leagues further north, beyond his farm, and, when we came to a more

Rtching 10 Catinga

open bush, we caught sight of with joy and surprise the object of our desires, situated in the stream Bendego. The block was not discovered where it currently stands, but about 150 paces west, and a few feet higher. There our guide found it - as a boy in 1784 when he was looking for a stray cow in the middle of the capoeira - with its longitudinal axis in the direction of N.N.E. for S.SW. The Government was soon given notice of the existence of this metal block, which at first was thought to be silver, and, by order of the Governor, Mr. Rodrigo Jose de Menezes, Captain Bernardo de Carvalho tried to transport it. A low wagon was built, on which the block was painfully set, and in vain they tried to remove it from its place with twelve oxen. With twenty oxen, the massive block was brought a year later to the creek, from where, however, they could never drive it away, the wagon being buried in the loose sand, and stopped by a rock in front of it.

Here we still found (1) the metal block resting on the main beam of the wagon, and partly surrounded by sand, which we then removed, in order to have perfect knowledge of the extraordinary piece. The block lies here with its directed length axis of E.N.E. to W.S.W. In general, this massive figure, all irregular, resembles that of a saddle; the east-facing end offers two protruding bumps, while the western end is narrower and simpler. The south side is wider; the north side, which meets the top at an obtuse angle, has a deep inward underside which extends to the west below, but to the east and is bordered by a very protruding, protuberant protuberance. The surface has no flat rectilinear face; it is all irregular, arching here in gentle undulation or humps, showing mild shell-shaped depressions, or having hollow holes. These holes are either hemispherical, sometimes cylindrical or

Bendego meteorite survived Museum fire 2019

1) The following account of what we observed is intended to be collated with what A. F. Mornay reports on the same subject in "Phil. Trans." (1816), p. 270. When we went to see the Bendego, we were unaware of this relationship, which was truly made by our predecessor. (Author's note).
Bendego meteorite, since 1888, is in the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro. Its history is described in # 3 of 1945 of the National Museum Magazine. (Nola from rev., Ed. Melh.).