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Remember the Rainforest 1

 

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one foot thick, oriented from S. to N. and falling sharply to the east. The stone is reddish or white in color, and often contains particles of white and greenish distention. This orogenic structure reminded us of Minas Gerais, particularly that of Serra do Caraca, and the even greater similarity between the formations is

possible if the samples of a very abundant, fine-grained hematite that were showed us in the village, as coming from a strand of this mountain, really came from it, which is likely. The vegetation at the top, too, was quite different in appearance from the surroundings, and similar to that of Minas: we note, in addition to the Cactus polygonus, C. hexagonus, Candelabrum, M., etc.,

 

Cactus hexagonus

Euphorbia candelabrum cactus

various species of Rhexias, Baccharis, Equites. Crassifoliated orchids on the cliffs, a white-flowered Liliacea (Vellosia plicata), and several bluish-green Gramineas.

Rhexia holosericea

Baccharis elegans

Crassifoliated orchid ?

Vellosia plicata

Reaching the summit of the mountain, we could see the landscape around us like a rug, yet without the charm of the variety that one is accustomed to have from the top of ridges, it offered an extensive plain of dry and monotonous groves of catingas, traversed here and abounded by uneven beds of rivers now dry, and ravines, and closed to the N., E. and W. by diverse and long mountains. The appearance of these different mountains was of great interest to us in relation to the Bendego meteorite.

To the south we saw the terrain, high with low hills, slowly declining and merging into the blue horizon; The shadow of passing clouds drew dark stripes over the farthest part of this blue-gray plain, while near us stood the bare surface of the earth beside dark hills.

Serra Itiuba

To the west we had the extensive Serra de Itiuba, which distinguishes three main orders, placed one behind the other; the nearest rose dark, the Sierra de Cassuca; together, stood out N. W. and N., the Serra da Pedra Branca; and in front of it the Serra Grande.

Serra Grande

Serra da Pedra Branca

Between these two runs the Bendego Creek, where the meteorite was found. To the south appeared several rather low but extensive mountain ranges; the farthest, some 10 leagues apart, the Serra de Mainasse, and its continuation, the Serra do Cume, the Serra do Caixao and the Serra de Manuel Alves; and further, ending in the plain to the east, the Serra da Lagoinha.

Serra Cume today

The features of these mountains are the same: round and long backs, with no steep flanks, and no cliffs; only here and there are deep valleys opened by the violence of the floods, stripped of vegetation, extending to the plains or even beneath the dead gravel boulders; In addition, both backs and flanks are covered with uniform vegetation of catingas, or high grass.

Etching 10 Catinga in Bahia

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