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Camamu Bay

as well as the water filled the canoe. And this place, undoubtedly the most important and populous in the entire coast of Bahia, is south of the capital. In the village itself there are over 6,000 inhabitants, including relatively many whites and few Indians.

The northern bank of the Acarai River, where it is situated, rises with the village, over abrupt hills, which enjoys a beautiful panorama over the great inlet, the Camamu Bay, a league distant. Many indications suggest that in times past the water level was higher here; in the islets, many of cliffs are only covered with a few cacti or completely sterile, the numerous coral banks, partly uncovered; They are all margin formation. Camamu exports to Bahia, not only a lot of cassava, rice and corn, but also regular amounts of coffee. Also the mangrove bark, which, because it contains a lot of tannin, is of importance to the tanner, so

Etching 12 Mangroves

it is extracted from the mangroves of the Camamu Bay coast and is exported to Bahia. In Brazil, the red mangrove is distinguished from the white mangrove;

the first is the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle, L.) from the heavy and thick-shelled trees; the last is the white mangrove (Avicennia nitida, A. tomentosa and

Conocarpus erectus

Conocarpus erecta, L.) for the worst pieces of thin skin for tanneries. The use of these trees, both for tanning and coloring the clay pot when baking it, seems to have been taught here by the East India Portuguese, where, as Rumph and Rheede report, the process was used. The red mangrove bark powder is also applied in poultices to invigorate the weakened parts of the body. The vessel we were traveling from Camamu to Bahia was carrying mangrove bark, part of which, already long rotted in the hold, had a foul smell. When the rain came down from under the cover, the silver coins we carried in our pockets were blackened to our great amazement; We believed, therefore, that there must be some sulfur in the shell, which, by decay, has given off gases of sulfuric acid. The chemical examination of this shell would be of no interest in this regard. Among the troubles we suffered on the trip to Bahia, this stench was not the worst.

Most unpleasant was the slowness of the boat master, who, although having promised to take us to Bahia within the usual 24 hours, spent three days on the way, stopping in some villages to negotiate. The European traveler should not expect any consideration from the children of Neptune, if fate throws them together. He has to suffer, as an Englishman supposed, all the vagaries of national hatred, which these seafarers cannot even disguise. The first stop we had to make at the master's suggestion was at