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Remember the Rainforest 1

 

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Sugar mill

paths surrounded by vegetation to Tangue Farm, a rich sugar mill on the way to the small Rio das Oncas, which is surrounded by high forests. Parrots and monkeys, especially the saguichico (Callithrix Gigot, Spix), and jaguars filled

Callithrix gigot

Felis onca, jaguar

these jungles with their loudness. The night lodging was bad and the rain, which was leaking through the roof of our ranch, didn't let us sleep. As before, on the following days of travel we found virgin forests and fields, each with their own supremacy. When, at noon, we left the forest, following along a lagoon, the

Serra do Itambe appeared and, on the river bank, the village of the same name, located 1,990 feet above sea level. That same afternoon we tried to climb the steep mountain, so as not to stay overnight in this humid, foggy region. And its

Quartzite

orogenic formation is a whitish quartzite, with more or less accentuated layers, whose alloy sometimes appears, especially in the cracks, as shades of reddish mica. Its slope, which stretches vast, is partly covered by slabs, smooth, bare, and, otherwise, by the vegetation of the fields. We were particularly surprised by the large number of very cold, clear water springs that had not only formed deep valleys, but also here and there they had dug true basins in the stone. Here the vegetation again takes on the aspect of the highest alpine region; low groves of Ocotheus, Gorfias, Centaureas, Arboriform Liliaceas, Velosias and Barbacenas, Mirtaceas ferns and Rexias, Cassias covered with the rare forms of Sedum villosum, Sauvagesias on rocky slopes, junctions of Eriociuleas and Xirideas, the manner of the reeds, among the thick and tall grasses, catch the botanist's attention. Forced to seek camp at nightfall, we decided to spend the night at Patos in a neighboring hut. As we walked along the tall grass, we were unlucky enough to step on a round mound, built and punctured by a swarm of large hornets; attacked by them, we were only able to escape the cruel stings, throwing ourselves on the ground and obeying the warning cries of the guide.

Brazilian green hornets

These insects dwell in holes in the earth, and are usually not as numerous in their homes as bees. They are almost the size of our wasps, are greenish in color, and their sting produces inflammation with fever, and even delirium. Equally as numerous as these uncomfortable bugs are large, dark gray beetles, the cucujus (Buprestis sculpta, Spix.). Interesting to the naturalists as they may be, these slopes, which stretch out in plain sight, are nevertheless poor for farming, for in many vast stretches there is only wetland with thin grass.

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Lilea japonicum

Vellosia, tree lilies

Barbacena

Seed germination, Mirtacaea family

Rhexia holoserica

Cassia aculeata

Suavagesia erecta

Eriocaulon gibbous