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opened, from Ilheus to a point on the border of Minas Gerais, but it is no longer transited today. The purpose of this project, carried out by Mr. Marechal Felisberto Caldeira, who, in fact, contributed 15,000 cruzados from his own pocket, was, above all, to bring the coastal region of Ilheus, which has no cattle, into the abundance of the mountains of the region.

Barra da Vareda, Valo, Ressaque, etc., east of the Arraial do Rio Pardo, open a way to bring inland products to the coast, which was shorter and less subject to drought disturbances, or the lack of water and supplies. This extremely painful work was carried out by a relative of the beloved patriot, Mr. Felisberto Gomes da Silva, a very dignified officer, whom we had the satisfaction of knowing in Bahia, and who was murdered, during the political disturbances of that city in 1822, we regret, accompanied by his numerous friends. T

Rio Pardo Road

he forest was cut down the entire length of the road, making it at least twenty feet wide by removing logs and small trees from the road, building bridges, covering holes; In short, extremely difficult and dangerous work had been done. To animate the traffic on the new road, which goes through previously unknown forests, inhabited by the Indian Camacas (1), corn and manioc farms were planted; everything has been done to make this road publicly available; Unfortunately, major obstacles have failed the well-intentioned plans of the patriotic entrepreneur. The grass in these virgin forests is so scarce that cattle sometimes reach the coast completely broken; here, convenient mule driving to Bahia is lacking; the drovers often contract fevers, or are pursued by the wild Indians. All of these circumstances have convinced the sertanejos to follow, preferably with their cattle and carts,

On the road to Minas

along the route already used to Conquista or along the Gaviao River, although the route is longer and subject to frequent droughts. In a few years weeds grew on this road, as reported by His Highness Prince Maximilian von Neuwied, when he passed through there, towards the border of Minas Gerais. In a few hours' walk we were able to see how quickly the vegetation grows, mocking the work done by man, and we became aware of the obstacles that the august traveler had to overcome.

Ferradas today

The village formerly called Ferradas, which today is named Vila Sao Pedro de Alcantara, in honor of the current sovereign of Brazil, consists of six to eight poor mud huts, a

(I) Camaca, as seen in the excellent translation, made and noted by Drs. Piraja da Silva and Paulo Wolg ("Atraves da Bahia," 2. ed., 1928, pig. 140), comes from cuam-acan which means "it's up to you". (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. and Geogr. Bras.).