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in the shape of a basin with indentations, they seem to indicate the link between the lagoon and the ocean. In favor of this link, there is still more obvious evidence, which is the formation of the banks, which, to the southeast, towards the side of Itaipe and the sea, are going down flat and sandy, and, besides, the existence of extensive coral banks. These coral benches can be seen at various points in the lagoon, from a depth of six to twelve feet, and are used in house building for lack of limestone. They are broken with stakes and rocks, and the pieces are removed from the water by divers.

Coral reef

Among other things, the residents of the neighboring Padre Domingos farm are busy with this; However, the deal with this article is not very profitable, because the coral banks of the great Camamu Bay can be explored more easily.

Camamu Bay

They are exclusively mother-of-the-kind that we observe in this lagoon (Madrepora cavernosa, M. hexagona, M. astroites, Lam., and others).

Madrepora oculata

Also banks of sea shells (Note I), which have joined, growing with quartz clay, occur in the vicinity, but are not used because of impurities and because they are difficult to break. The water of the lagoon, which has more than one square surface league, is currently sweet; It is probable that the intervention of the Itaipe River gradually removed the remaining salt water, or sweetened it. The abundance of fish in the lagoon allows the inhabitants to stock themselves from time to time.

Lake Camaru

They usually open the fish lengthwise (piabanas, acaris, piaus, etc.), and, after removing the bowels, salt them slightly, and make them dry on the fire, on a jirau.

This mode of preparation, called moquem, in the general language, was learned from primitive Brazilian Indians, taking special care to align exactly the four sides of the jirau to the four cardinal points. The reason for this practice, we could not find out.

Ferradas village

We were assured by the Indians of Almada that they knew perfectly the twelve walking leagues from this our home to Ferradas or Sao Pedro de Alcantara, recently elevated to the village, and we decided, guided by them, to go through that region. Mr F. Schmid and an advisor of ours, Mr Scheuermann, decided to accompany us on the excursion. Then we took the Indians, our faithful servant Custodian was carrying some groceries, and taking the indispensable carbines and machetes, we went into the darkness of the woods, carefully following the footsteps of the guides.

The terrain was extremely rugged, and in the partly marshy swains, the vegetation is almost all of spiky-leaved Heliconeas, Rapateas, Bromeliads and Gramineas, opposing an almost insurmountable obstacle to our pursuit. Moreover, there are not rarely

Heliconia bihai

Bromelia karatas

Graminea family, Pariana intermedia