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(1), sometimes a consequence of typhus, measles and sometimes also mumps, resection of the stinging, blindness, worms and vena medinensis. Syphilitic disorders and many types of chronic and acute rashes also often appear.

Slave traders try to avoid the mumps through vaccination, which they soon administer to shipped blacks (2). In Brazil, this disease appears, sometimes as a result of the tiredness suffered, sometimes due to colds, the different diet, and the longing for the country and other deep sorrows (banzo); Sometimes in vain they try to help these disgraced people, for in general they starve themselves voluntarily. If the slave is fortunate enough to find a master at the port, his evils are over, and often within a few months he has adapted to his new homeland.

Slave market on Vallongo Street

If, however, he is unfortunate to be bought by a slave trader, who travels inland, he is sometimes obliged to make a journey of many leagues, until after all he is sold. In this march, the slaves walk loose, looking for shelter at night and sufficient food.

Slave convoy

It is well known that slave trade has been practiced in Africa since time immemorial and is closely linked to the civil and political life of this continent, as well as the very existence of the extensive Portuguese colonies of that part of the world. That is, although Portugal receives from its African colonies many of the most precious articles of commerce, such as wax, sulfur (which is also exported from Benguela), gold and ivory bread (8), the maintenance and management of these colonies without the traffic of blacks, who give great profits, would not stand without great difficulties. The number of slaves, which annually go from Africa to Brazil, is estimated at 50,000. The crown of Portugal, while Brazil was part of its possessions, charged for this number, only at the places of embarkation and disembarkation, the annual amount of at least 830,000 $ 000 in export and import duties.

(VI) The relatively greater amount of juice in Tahiti sugarcane should undoubtedly justify the Bahian grower's fear of cultivating it, since here soil fertility favors not only increased sucrose, but also mucilage, albumin and green gum in the juice, and therefore the amount of juice is not at all in equal proportion with the most profitable sugar production. For this reason, the planters purposely weaken the ground in freshly cleared forest with successive crops until finally producing very sweet cane. For the same reason, they allow the sugarcane clumps to age, and expect increased profits with the older age of sugarcane. The cultivation of Tahiti cane is only advantageous in dry places with difficult irrigation or constant lack of rain.

Sugar is manufactured according to the usual experiments and rules, without the administrator being able to boast of any scientific knowledge of the chemical phenomena directed by him. So many of the improvements, which in the West Indies are generally employed, are still missing.

The chopped rods are transported in heavy ox carts to the mill, which, as a rule, operates in a very spacious, ox-driven shed. The cylinders are jacaranda, and are lined with strong iron arches. I have not noticed anywhere the double use machinery, which serves as the stretchers to carry the bag to the 2nd and 3rd millings; That is why, on either side of the mill, a black woman is busy with clearing of the reeds. The heating is done when the residue is heated; however, due to faulty construction

(I) This disease, called here in Brazil, more commonly by the names of macule and corrura, refers not only to the Portuguese Capelo and Ivens, but mainly to some Brazilian doctors (notably Dr. Francisco Sabino Alves da Rocha Vieira, the famous warlord of the Sabbath of 1837, and Dr. Antonio Teixeira da Rocha (later Barlio de Maceio) and even a Frenchman, to whom our country owes much, Dr. Jose Francisco Xavier Sigaud, this in his book '' Du climate and maladies of Bresil "(Paris, 1844). (Note from the Rev. Inst. Hist. and Geogr. Bras.).
(2) The vaccine already has, as a result, been decreed mandatory by the government in Bahia. From 1817 to 1818, 2,241 people were inoculated at the government palace. Lymph usually comes from lng