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Two qualities are distinguished, whose representatives are Muritiba coffee and Camamu coffee. The first is small, rounded, very heavy grain; The second is large, flat grain, very similar to Rio de Janeiro's coffee in appearance and taste. It seems that it has been noted that coffee grown on virgin forest soil, freshly brushed, has an unpleasant earthy smell at first harvest; This observation does not at all refer to Muritiba's coffee.

Etching 44 Coffee plantation

Coffee harvest

The poor quality of the coffee here should be blamed above all on the sun exposure on the terrace and the improper way in which the pulping is done. Cultivation of this plant, where so much more care is taken than in sugarcane cultivation, should therefore also take less rapid growth, because farmers attach great importance to the fact that coffee plants deplete more soil than sugarcane. It is valued in Bahia a foot of coffee at $ 800. Usually coffee is shipped in burlap bags.


Tobacco - The tobacco plantation was very widespread in Reconcavo in the old days, since a thick roll of tobacco could often be exchanged for a slave in Guinea; The cultivation and trade of this article is now considerably reduced. The best quality comes from Cachoeira and Santo Amaro. Leaf smoke is less exported than roll smoke. Two main qualities are distinguished: approved and scrap. The latter is used, partly in the country, partly in black trafficking; The first quality goes to Europe. Recently, a tobacco factory was set up in Bahia by French businessmen.

Rolled tobacco

(V) Among all nations, it is the Portuguese who most exploit the slave trade. Established from more than three centuries in various parts of the African coast, they had established their sovereignty more firmly than is commonly believed, and their principal colonies in the kingdom of Angola, which recognize the sovereignty of SM Fidelissima in Benguela, Mozambique and the Islands of Guinea, Fernando Po, Principe, Sao Tome and Ano Bom, are fully organized for the slave trade, as are the colonies of the East Indies, or as Brazil was, before the arrival of King Joao VI. The King of Portugal has relations with many princes of the interior of Africa, as their protector or ally, and the slave trade is practiced by numerous Portuguese, Portuguese-born mestizos and blacks born in the Portuguese colonies, not only on the coast, but even from the deepest interior of Central Africa. Between the city of Sao Filipe de Benguela, a dependency of Angola, where a governor with the post of major and an out-of-residence resides, and the presidents located east and west of it, of Cacondo, Ambaca, Canjango, etc. ; many wealthy Portuguese settlers inhabit the healthy plateau, who cultivate large crops for the subsistence of the captured blacks; and in addition to the shameful human trafficking, we also explored the trade of ivory, wax, sulfur, etc. These inland slave traders sometimes extend their raids to central Africa, and from their scattered farms it seems that already many enterprising Portuguese from Sao Filipe de Benguela have crossed the continent to Mozambique. The slaves they captured belong to the tribes of the Cacimbos, Gegis, and Gingas, tall men of the most characteristic Ethiopian race, strong, massive corpulent, black even to the skin of their lips, and a spirit prone to perseverance in all endeavors and excesses in the passions, love or hate. They are shipped in Sao Filipe de Benguela and Novo Redondo. Likewise, the Portuguese of Sao Paulo de Loanda, the capital of the kingdom of Angola, where a governor-general and an ombudsman reside, and which has a population of 70,000 souls, entertain lively trade with the eastern regions, between ll and 9 ° south latitude, to the deep interior of the continent. Slaves embarked in Angola, which are generally designated by the name of Angola, are from the Ausazes, Pembas, Gingas and Tembas race, and, except for the former, have a mild spirit, are more civilized and more familiar with the Portuguese language than the others. North of these regions, the Kingdom of Congo is often sought after by slave traders, but the Portuguese there have no sovereignty or independent colonies, but anchor their ships in Cabinda Cove. Then they receive the slaves brought to them from the northern countries, Loango and Cacongo, and the others,