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and dirty. The best fountain in the city, the Campo de Sao Pedro, is too far away to be used frequently. The ships bring water to the waterfront between the lighthouse of Santo Antonio and the Fort of Sao Pedro.

Campo de Sao Pedro fountain today

In the square, next to the city fountains, slaves usually congregate, and it is of no interest to the humanitarian observer to notice those disgraced people from a far away continent, who seem destined to fertilize the lands of the New World with their sweat. How strange are the vicissitudes in the development of the human species! Let the children of Europe and Africa come together to transform a third continent here, and thus transform themselves and their country! The vast majority of black slaves brought here are from the tribe of the Aucas and the xexis or geges (giaghis, giagues in Italian and Spanish). They are dark black, tall, muscular, robust and very fearless; they have sometimes devised dangerous uprisings, killing their masters, setting fire to the mills, making energetic action on the part of the government necessary.


Today, the slaves of the Congo or Zaire River are rarer and more expensive due to competition from Spanish, Portuguese and American slave traders, and they


come more from the moorings of Cabinda, Sao Filipe de Benguela, and, mainly from Mozambique. By mixing the various tribes, so they do not understand each other, the danger of a revolt of so many blacks is somehow avoided; However, many of them, despite living far away from each other, are at least understood through certain expressions.

Interesting fact: many of the African languages are very similar to each other; and thus make a stark contrast to the languages of Native Americans, so isolated and sometimes limited to a few families. Moreover, the different tribes of blacks are recognized, both by language, skin color, size and shape of the face, and, above all, by the characteristic deformations to which they were subjected, according to the custom of their tribes. It is common to see blacks whose canine teeth were sharpened or whose incisor teeth were deeply grooved; others have various scars, quite deep, from incisions by sharp instruments, burns or cauterization, in the region of the nose, on the forehead or on the cheeks. These characteristic national signs are especially accentuated in the Macuas, a tribe of Mozambique brought here, and, like all blacks of that coast, seem to indicate, by less black skin, more coffee color, shorter stature, longer hair and some features of the physiognomy, that its race is not of pure etiopic origin. Recommended