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is proven by the lack of order in the patient report. It seems, however, that the food is good. The pharmacy bill, including wine and some kitchen items, reaches annually up to the amount of 28: 000 $ 000.

In this hospital, with great humanity, foreign sailors are welcomed; In addition, the English already have their own maritime hospital, chapel and cemetery. In the municipal hospital, a quadrangular mansion, which was built and richly endowed by a patriotic citizen, Joao de Matos Aguiar, in the year 1716, some 140 patients are treated. The heritage of this charitable institution always increased through legacies, under the influence of the Count of Arcos, and also by continuous lotteries, even to endow poor girls. The hospital administration is in charge of a commission appointed by the municipal authority.

This authority also leases the city's supply of fresh meat, fish and other goods to the bidder, and as a result all competition is suppressed and sometimes Bahia suffers from a lack of good fresh fish. The long distances from which goods for consumption are delivered, and above all the difficulties of bringing them during the prolonged drought, make it necessary for intelligent farmers to begin intensifying cattle ranching in neighboring counties. Bahia is currently receiving its cattle from the Pardo de Ressaca and Valo fields, between the Pardo River and Rio das Contas, and mainly from the province of Piaui, where it comes by way of the Juazeiro road. In a long dry spell, the owners of these cattle often lose half, and even more resent the city for the lack of demand, because the fishing, on the coasts of the ocean, equally controlled and done by blacks, always arrives fresh for the consumption of the large population.

Maize flour

Instead of maize flour, a common food in Sao Paulo and part of Minas Gerais, the consumption of manioc flour is increasing here;


Apart from this, the common food of the people consists of beans, bananas, bacon and dried meat, which is also the main diet of slaves. Veal and vegetables are rare and expensive; but there is no lack of fruits of every kind;

Fruits of Brazil

on the contrary, the oranges of Bahia abound here, which are known by the

Artocarpus integrifolia, Jackfruit tree

names of seleta and navel; breadfruit, jackfruit (Artocarpus integrifolia), and mangoes (Mangifera indica and Anona squamosa, L.) are also excellent.

Mangifera indica, the mango tree

Oranges are even dispatched in large quantities to the Rio de Janeiro court.

The water, as in Rio de Janeiro, is carried by black slaves in small barrels and sold cheaply; sometimes it's very hot

Water carriers