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to be feared, because the ebb in the bay is usually considerable and very fast, due to the movement of the waters, which go to the east side of the main entrance. The great low tide starts at the moon phase, at three hours and thirty minutes, and the pre-seas is nine or 10 feet.

For the sake of safety, they anchor the ships near Fort Sea, the largest ships being anchored west of it, and the smallest boats between this fort and the city; otherwise, the largest squadrons could find here at the same time a safe harbor and shelter, so vast is that part of the bay; and its importance to Brazil becomes even greater because all the ports and anchorages between Bahia and Pernambuco, as well as the mouths of the Sao Francisco, Real and Sergipe d'El-Rei Rivers, as a result of the increasing invasion of the sands, they can only accommodate small vessels; the rest of the coast is dangerous, in general, between the island of Passaros and Sergipe, especially with the east wind blowing, which makes the ocean break with a lot of violence.

Port of Sao Salvador

In every season of the year, hundreds of merchant ships anchor in this superb port. Here, flags of all nations unfurl, and among them, very often, those of the Hanseatic cities, which in recent decades have been actively negotiating here, especially for the sugar of Bahia. There are more Portuguese ships, followed by the English, American, German and French. Lately, too, many East Indian ships have been replenishing supplies here and replenishing their water. Many pilots are of the opinion that it is not good to stop the ship in this port, not to be held back by the wind, which usually blows from March until September on the north coast; however, English ships traveling to India are not currently facing difficulty, heading south, even in the most unfavorable months, such as from June to August, because, in general, the wind blows to the east, and all the more so moves south. The number of ships entering and leaving the port of Bahia annually is estimated today, with the exception of small vessels, at more than 2,000. This figure has almost tripled. As the place is well stocked with supplies, mainly by sea, many boats come every day, bringing sometimes the products of sugar factories, nearby, sometimes many inland products, such as corn, rice, cassava flour, poultry, fish, etc.

Nothing compares to the excitement of the port of Bahia, notably on the eve of the feast days, when the observer may form a false idea of the population of this province, if he does not know that many of these canoes that come there come from distant places 20 to 30 leagues.

The great majority of these people belong, however, to the villages and sugar mills of the bay, whose margin, in all its length,