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The most beautiful ornaments of this extensive house are the many gardens, situated in between; Although rarely treated, they still retain the plump green of their orange and banana trees all year round.

How profusely does the beauty of the tropical vegetation reward the careful work of the gardener, - proven to the traveler by the Public Promenade, situated at one of the highest points on the southeast end of the city, near the Fort of St. Peter. The orange, lemon, jambo tree, mango tree and mango tree boulevards, the dense and trimmed pitangueira fences, and the richness of various ornamental plants of southern Europe, the East Indies and Brazil make the afternoon ride, thanks to the cool breeze, a pleasant time.

Frades Island in Salvador bay

From the tastefully constructed pavilion, the gaze wanders here over clusters of the beautiful bay's verdant islands, or lingers homesick in the endless blue of the ocean, which shimmers in the setting sun with dazzling irises. Among all the gardens we saw in Brazil, this one is the most characteristic of European floriculture. In it I found the Peruvian quina, grown under the name of Quassia (Quassia amara, L.), which, however, does not grow well.

Quassia amara

An inscription of the obelisk, erected at the highest point of this garden, cites the date of 1808, when D. Joao VI (1) arrived in Bahia. He was the first European monarch to tread the ground of the New World; That day marked the new era of great progress.

Fort Sao Pedro

In the vicinity of the Public Walk, you will find the city's largest fortification, Sao Pedro Fort, which protects it from the earthen side. It was considerably

Dutch conquer Bahia

enlarged by the Dutch when, on May 9, 1624, they seized the city (Note II), and, with the idea of protecting it from the east side, dug around the fort a moat that they designed to extend, extending it to to the sea. This great undertaking was not, of course, completed; but the moat, which they call Dyke, here and there abounds with bricked walls, greatly limiting the city on this side, which still offers very suitable points for a line of fortifications. This moat extends, at the eastern end of Arrabalde dos Barris, between hills covered in enchanting disorder with thick scrublands, woods, plantations, gardens and houses, which lend themselves to the varied configuration of the land, full of lush vegetation, an invitation to a pleasant walk; However, the moat is rarely visited by Bahians. In the Dyke, live in large number small, long-nosed alligators (jacaretinga moschifer),

Jacaretinga moschifer

1) The son of D. Maria I only came to be D. João VI, when his mother died here in Rio de Janeiro in 1816. While she was banned, he ruled the Portuguese monarchy with the title of "Prince Regent". (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. And Geogr. Bras.).