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Staying in the city of Salvador (1) or Bahia

As we left Itaparica, we approached a tip of the earth, on the border of the great bay, where the old capital of Brazil was built, we had the opportunity to verify, at the first glance, the extent and richness of its trade. Although not comparable, in the grandeur of its natural beauty nor in its buildings, to the regal city of Rio de Janeiro, but Bahia, at first glance, awakens in the traveler the most pleasant impressions, if he combines the pleasure of contemplation with the pleasure of contemplating ideas of human dignity and the magnitude of its efforts.

The continental tip, which forms the eastern coast of the bay, deepens on the western coast, between the southern and northern ends, with the tip of Santo Antonio and the tip of Monserrate, in two coves, the city of Salvador being generally in Bahia, is built over the northern end, the largest expanse of almost a league. The terrain is so uneven, and particularly to the west and so steep is the escarpment, that along the coast there is only room for a single main road, cut to a few alleys; another part of the city rises in terraces, the largest of which occupies the mountainous back of the headland, at a height of 100 to 200 feet above the coast.

Vast storefronts on waterfronts and warehouses, on the seafront, and above, high dwelling houses, on whose seafront are long wooden balconies, already show that the city is more industrial and populous than beautifully built.

Salvador, old city

Salvador bay

Many of the abrupt, homeless slopes are covered, sometimes with wild vegetation, sometimes with banana and orange trees, which give the newly arrived European a joyous anticipation of this tropical country. In the lower part of town, Praia or Cidade Baixa, is is the main area for trade. Numerous ships from all nations that anchor under the protection of the batteries of Forte do Mar and Forte de Sao Filipe,

Forte do Mar today

Forte de Sao Filipe today

1) In the original, Sao Salvador. Tome de Sousa is known to have named the capital of the general government of Brazil, "Salvador City." However, it is certain that this name was soon changed to Sao Salvador. If the verbal noun “savior” applies there to the God-Son, the “are” too much, since this apocopulated adjective is only used to qualify canonized men (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. And Geogr. Bras.).