next arrow

Remember the Rainforest 1



Expedition Index






People / Scenes


Green Girl's Eco Club

Eco SuperHeroes RTR2

Free Posters

Authors / Artists

Contact us


















Bahia's commander of arms offered his own villa, located in Arrabalde dos Barris. To this noble and intelligent gentleman, a friend of our excellent Ferreira da Camara, we would firstly like to thank you for the innumerable proofs of hospitality with which we accorded. We must impose the following notes before giving our readers a description of the second capital of Brazil, where, in your mind you must have already joined us.

Already in 1615 the Portuguese practiced whale fishing on the Brazilian coasts; and, as it produced great profits, it was later leased by the crown to the so-called "whaling contractors" for $ 60,000 annually. This system of monopoly, according to the law, to which Portugal and Brazil owe the slow progress of their industrial development, had as a consequence that both the fishing itself was done without considering the future, as the benediction without the proper prayer.

One patriotic writer cried above all against the bad custom of whale fishermen killing the whales that their mothers bring between their fins in order to secure the lives of their young; and cited abuses and penury, which reigned in the aforementioned factories of the company, which worked with slaves. See in the "Economic Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon" what J. B. de Andrada e Silva wrote (Vol. II, p. 388 et seq.). According to this author, only in the year 1775 were 500 whales caught in the factory in Santa Catarina, and he estimates (in the year 1790) the profit obtained from each cetacean at 400 $ 000. The Company, which had previously been granted the salt monopoly in the provinces of southern Maranhao, was disbanded after King D. João VI came to Brazil, and is now free to do whale fishing. The payment of a tax on profit is very insignificant. It must be assumed that with the closure of the Itapua armaments, north of Barra, about twenty to thirty large and small whales were killed, and generally throughout Brazil, from eighty to one hundred, each of which yielded fourteen to eighteen barrels of oil, the latter giving about 1,500 florins and fins. In this is also well to consider the spermacet, which from the tail end is not unpleasant, and is much appreciated by blacks. English and American whale fishermen based in the Falkland Islands are likely to undermine the industry's yield on the Brazilian coasts. In the southernmost ports of the empire, Santos, Paranagua, Rio de Sao Pedro, etc., a not insignificant amount of sperm is harvested by fishermen from the cavities of the sperm whale's head (Physeter macrocephalus, L.).

Physeter macrocephalus

This article is particularly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, where there is already a spermacet candle factory.

If the reader imagines that palm trees are already so attractive for the beauty of their shapes to those who have the opportunity to sail from their native country, and how important they are in their many applications to the inhabitants of the tropics, they should forgive the author for the particular favorite he votes for among to these majestic daughters of our planet. Forgive him when he explains here, perhaps too much, the most wonderful palm tree in Brazil. Although Brazilians do not get as many advantages from coconut trees as the inhabitants of the Pacific Ocean, whose existence depends largely on this tree, and although there are not many applications here as well, such as those practiced in the East Indies, for example, syra, juice of the cut spadices for the preparation of vinegar, syrup and brandy. However not all of the useful plant is used by Brazilians for various purposes. In each dwelling house is a cup made of coconut, hanging above the water pot of porous baked clay;