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of national manufactured products. With more settlement, also the activity of the interior will gain, and with this, the proportion of exports and imports of Brazil will become more favorable. Nowadays, many workers, especially French, are settled in Rio, whose colonization is much favored by the Government. Among these colonists are the mulattos who manifest great ability and diligence for the mechanical arts; One even notices an extraordinary talent for painting among them. Free blacks, of whom there are large numbers in the city, are not as dependable and advantageous for bourgeois society as as they are in the interior, where they often become active and wealthy cultivators. On the other hand, the free workers work with their own black slaves, who, under the strict discipline of their masters, learn not only their skill and aptitude in the arts, but also the civil virtue of order. State oversight does not yet extend with the same rigor over all industries as it does in Europe. Many professions are freely exercised without a certificate of corporation, by whoever has the disposition; However, the prices of manufactured products are very high. Freedom, which the slave owner has to use his slaves for any capacity he pleases, is very different from the regulations of European associations. However, all industries related to health and the public good are under police supervision. Meat and bread are sold in accordance with legal prices, but the inequality of provisions and transportation give rise to the greatest diversity of prices. The newcomer from Europe is amazed at the number of gold and silver devices and jewelers who here, like the other workers, all live in a street, reminiscent of the magnificent Streets of Gold and Silver in Lisbon. The work of these jewelers is actually inferior to European, but it is nonetheless tasteful and durable.

Many industries that are greatly necessary in Europe are, in the interior, faced with the few needs of the inhabitants, which are even today superfluous, so to speak. In the capital, however, and in the other coastal cities there are a large number of cabinetmakers and tinkers and other workers, but more rare are tanners, soap-makers and steel workers. Above all, mechanics are very much in demand to set up sugar mills and others to set up gold mining machines, and they are very well paid. So far, the capital has not yet thought of founding factories of glass, porcelain, cloth and hats; Nor would it be almost advisable to establish them in a country that can exchange the products of the active European industry so cheaply for those of its rich soil.