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Remember the Rainforest 1

 

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It is the consequence of their happy temperament, as well as the similarity of the climate to that of their country, and the mildness with which they are treated in Brazil.

Before the court moved from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, trade in this city and others in Brazil was limited exclusively to Portugal. The growing daily production of precious colonial goods and the diligent exploitation of gold mines in the interior of the lands had greatly increased, for over a hundred years, the wealth, and thereby the new demands on Brazilians; the trade of Lisbon and Porto with the colony compensated for the loss of the East Indies’ trade, where it had once held power and grandeur. The close political-mercantile association of both these cities with the colony favored the flourishing of the former in an extremely unique way, and even more so because it made possible the easy sale of colonial goods due to their happy situation in the Mediterranean and on the shores of the ocean, and on the world trade path between Europe and the East, East and West. Portuguese trade in this period dictated not only the price of all Brazilian products, since they could only be sold to it, but in addition it could also make refunds on products of European industry and under conditions imposed by itself. Trade had thus conquered Lisbon in the last decades of the last century, with an activity and opulence that elevated it, after London, to the first trading square in the world. However, after the royal decree (1), established the independence of Brazilian trade, hitherto hindered by the monopoly and jealousy of the mother country, and the opening of ports to all nations, brings a new era in the history of Brazil.

International Trade ministers

It must be assumed that, of all the decrees that the Regency has granted since its move to the former colony, none has brought such a memorable impulse and such a great transformation in every way, as this one. Undoubtedly, this change was healthier and more beneficial for Brazil than for Portugal. Finally, after the old narrow gap between the former empire and the former colony was untied, it never regained that primitive commercial splendor.

For Brazil, this emancipation has given rise to very diverse developments. From the competition of other nations with Portugal, new circumstances arose. With the freedom of commerce, industry was activated, and the products of the country, being sought from many places, rose in value; As a result, the demand for skilled laborers and the influx of foreigners increased, as did the traffic of black people, so necessary for the cultivation of the land.

(1) The governing charter, by which the ports of Brazil were opened to free trade as of 1808.

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