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Fish market, Rio de Janeiro

species of the most diverse fish, crabs, sea turtles, and the new fish market by the pier. On the opposite side of this square, they draw attention to themselves, shouting loudly at the sale of the parrots on display, other animals of the country or birds of the most beautiful feathers, brought from other parts of the world. In the vegetable market, displayed for sale, alongside the European qualities of cabbages, squash, lettuce, leeks, onions, also indigenous and African vegetables. Andu (1) and various qualities of watermelons, ginger root and others, owe Brazil for the trade of the Portuguese with the East Indies; so is the excellent jackfruit, mango and roma.

Brazilian fruit

From African colonies, on the other hand, it appears that the various qualities of beans, red, black and painted, and the peanut amygdalin (Arachis hypogacea) (Note II) have been introduced. Several qualities of potatoes and yams, cassava and cassava root, a gentle, non-poisonous variety of the former, finally maize and cassava flour, exist here, always in large quantities. As food for cattle, they bring to the market fresh grass, which is grown on nearby land. The grass of Guinea is the best fodder; However, in the provinces of Brazil, under this name, an entirely different species is known (2).

A few days after our arrival, we were invited by some of our countrymen to attend a church party, which the black people celebrated on the day of their patron saint, Our Lady of the Rosary. A chapel on a tip of land in the bay, a short distance from the royal farm of Sao Cristovao, which we visited, filled the afternoon with countless people of color, and the Sao Cristovao black orchestra played a cheerful song, almost jovial, which followed an exciting sermon; with rockets and bombs, in front of the calm sea, they rejoiced the holiday. Two entirely different feelings are awakened in the viewer by the sight of the children of Africa, transplanted to the noble treatment of European civilization, that is, on one side, awakened with joy by the traces of humanity that develop in the black, little by little, in the coexistence with whites; On the other hand, it must be regretted that such a barbarous and violating institution of human rights, as is the slave trade, was necessary to give them their first school that is civilizing this race, debased even in its own country. The same feelings became more poignant when we had to choose a black slave to buy. Most black slaves, currently brought to Rio de Janeiro are from Cabindas and Benguelas.

(1) Cytus cajan L. or Cajanus flavas Dec.
(2) Panicum jumentorum Pers. Paspalum stoloniferum conjugatum decumbens virgatum etc.