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Rio de Janeiro currently has, besides the Hospital of Lazarus, located on a neighboring island, two large houses for the sick: the Hospital da Misericordia and the Hospital Real Militar, both in the old town, not far from the sea.

Royal Military Hospital

The first was founded by charitable donations from citizens and is administered by a civilian governing council. The two-story building houses in four main halls some two thousand patients; it could, however, accommodate more. The sick are separated according to illness, and the women are gathered in a large room, which is forbidden to strangers. Also some madmen are among the sick; They are, however, very few in this country, where intellectual formation has not progressed much. To this hospital is attached an institution for poor children. The Royal Military Hospital, located high, occupies a building that was formerly the College of Jesuits. It has a capacity for about one hundred male patients and subsists with better order and cleanliness than civil hospitals. The lightweight tile roof is very suitable for such a hot climate because it facilitates aeration with both this arrangement and a pair of fans. In both of these hospitals, most remedies are prepared using certain traditional, expressly established formulas. In addition, the pharmacopoeia of Lisbon is used, in part also those of London and Edinburgh. Symptoms, onset and course of the disease, diagnosis, medication and diet are all indicated on a slip in front of each bed, but are still not accurately observed. Each of these establishments has its own chapel and pharmacy.

Also the English built a maritime hospital for their sailors, on a tip of land in the eastern part of the bay, bordering the city, where their warehouses are located for supplying ships, which, under the authority of the English consulate, and headed by an English doctor, also welcomes German sailors.

By the sea is the Public Promenade; it is a small garden, surrounded by walls and a plummeted wharf over the sea. Its umbrellas of mangas, jackfruit or the eastern tree of the country, the ito and the dilenia, among which boast the magnificent Poinsettia bouquets are undoubtedly very inviting in the afternoon, when the sea breeze blows softening the heat. In this garden there was a infestation of mealybugs on Indian fig trees, which are planted along the bank; However, no one is currently concerned with this figs, which could turn out to be an extremely lucrative business.

In the neighborhood of Passeio, the living market offers an interesting show for the newcomer. Especially opulence in the rarest