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the impurities, it is not collected in the vicinity of Rio. Most of the salt used is brought from the rich Salinas de Setubal, recommended for warm climates as preferable to Spain and Sardinia, as it is less susceptible to melting. Some salt also comes from the outskirts of Cabo Frio to the capital.

With the commercial traffic of such an extent as here, it is only natural for the traveler to notice business activity and buzz. Particularly the port, Praca do Comercio, and the closest streets to the sea, mostly stocked with European merchandise, are full of sellers, sailors and blacks. The different languages, which intersect in the crowd of these people of all colors and clothing, the staccato and repetitive voice, with which blacks carry the loads on sticks back and forth, the hiss of a two-wheeled ox cart. overloaded wheels, where the goods are driven through the city, the usual cannon fire of the Castle and the ships of all the countries of the world, which finally enter the roar of roars with which the inhabitants almost daily and early in the morning celebrate the holy days, - these are confused in a deafening roar.

Festival of St. Rosalie

The population of Rio de Janeiro is mostly made up of Portuguese or their descendants, both white and mixed colors. There are hardly any Native Americans here. They avoid, as much as they can, the city and, very rarely, they appear, and only by chance, like high-flying birds, in this strange tumult. Those closest to us belong to the Sao Lourenco Mission, in the bay of Rio de Janeiro, where they come to offer clay pots; others come from time to time from afar, from the Campos region in the Goitacazes District, or from Areias, a small village on the way to Sao Paulo or Minas Gerais, accompanying the cattle that put the capital in constant connection with these regions. The dark-haired dock workers, which in the port many travelers take for Indians, are mulattos or mesticos. The first American Indian we saw here was a boy from the cannibal tribe of the Botocudos of Minas Gerais; he was at our friend von Langsdorff's house. The Portuguese Minister of State, Count of Barca, had asked the commander of the Indian district of Minas Gerais for an Indian skull for our celebrated scientist Blumenbach; As the latter had no opportunity to find such a skull, he then sent to the earl two living Botocudos, whom his soldiers had taken by surprise; Mr. von Langsdorff then received one of them, of whom he soon became very fond and the cannibal served him not only as a living museum subject, but also as a collector of natural curiosities.