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Coroados between the two mountains, Onca and Sao Geraldo. Its number is estimated to be over two thousand; However, in recent years, many have died of disease, especially dysentery. The Puris, their enemies, except for a small part in Rio Pardo and Rio Paraiba, which has not yet recognized the sovereignty of the Portuguese, are more numerous, probably amounting to four thousand souls. They inhabit the eastern slope of the Serra da Onca and the forests north of the Paraiba River, and extend their incursions to the Rio Doce, where they sometimes fight with the cannabilistic Botocudos, who live there.

Guidoval (red dye)

Although we soon gained the confidence of the Coroados, and we could fearlessly linger among them, our desire to leave those dark places where we felt like we were in the midst of dementia became ever more vivid. Our collections were already enriched with the rarities of the surroundings, and, by the director's kindness, we also obtained the skeleton of a recently killed Coroado, and we kept it as an important document, hiding it with the utmost zeal from the wildly superstitious. As the chiefs sometimes sent some Indians to the populous places, so that upon their return with their narratives, they would produce a favorable impression on the people of their tribe, we were offered in the Presidium to bring some Indians with us back to Vila Rica. On the eve of departure, in the afternoon, they brought two young Coroado men to our house, and encouraged them to follow us, with the promise of rum and to return as captains, with gaudy uniforms. We laughed to see the effect a gleaming uniform has on these jungle men. They dressed one of the Indians with a uniform, put his helmut on his head, and placed a mirror before him. Proud and perplexed, he marveled at himself and his figure in the mirror, and felt for himself, now for the mirror; though he could not comprehend the spell, yet there undoubtedly predominated in him the feeling of satisfied vanity. From that moment on, the resolution was made, and he was pleased to accompany us. The Indian soon got used to us, accompanied us for much of the journey, and for his dedication we named him Custodian.

On April 17, we left Guidoval. Fear that the Indians would learn of the skeleton we were bringing with us and would attack us by surprise hastened our resolve to leave the dark woods and return to the pleasant fields.

Already the Presidio de Sao Joao Batista was a good stretch behind us, when we met suddenly, in the thick of the woods,