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In Idria we spent a few days examining that instructive bituminous clay formation, which forms a large deposit in the compact limestone, and the extensive forges, which for many decades produced 50 kilograms of mercury annually.The road led us down the slope of the limestone Julian Alps, on which we saw scattered blocks of rock containing petrified shells toward the birth of Trieste, which we reached on 10 March. From the top of Corso, near Obczina, the majestic Adriatic Gulf stretches between the coasts of Italy and Istria, and we can see, standing out among many masts, both anchored Austrian frigates, ready for the voyage.

Trieste, capital of Iliria, and, by its location in the Adriatic Gulf, one of the most important Italian cities for the Oriental trade. The old city lies along the slope of the mountain; the new one is built by the sea. The latter has some beautiful streets, with large houses, beside a canal, by which the goods are very comfortably brought from the sea to the interior of the city. The inhabitants are of Greek, Iliric, Italian origin, but most are of German descent.

At the hotel where we were staying, we were neighbors of the commander of both frigates, Nicola de Pasqualigo, noble of Venice, distinguished navigator, well known both for his general culture and nautical knowledge, as well as for his courage and decisiveness shown in the recent war. He soon took us to our future abode, the frigate Austria, which, like Augusta, had been built and equipped in the arsenal of Venice, and, according to the order of the Austrian imperial carte, was intended to transport the members of the great embassy and the Brazilian legation, some were components of the scientific expedition and some were sent to deal with the commercial transactions that had begun with Brazil, as well as, for these last purposes, to load the ships with Austrian articles. They were part German officers and crew; most, however, were Venetian.

Some members of the Bavarian embassy and the Natural History expedition had meanwhile arrived in Trieste, and those still expected arrived as well, so that as soon as the places were marked on the frigates, the bags were boarded and the whole company moved, well accommodated on board the ship.

Baron von Neveu, as embassy advisor and business manager with the Brazilian visas, had to head the trip. He was aided by the knights Count von Schonfeld and Count von Palffy. All three stayed in the frigate Austria, where