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they start drinking the vinasse before sunset, and it lasts between tumultuous dances and songs until dawn, when, half drunk, they spend the morning in the hammock for ten hours. Whoever has planted and harvested more corn is the host to the surrounding villages, and at each feast, he decides the day and place for the next feast. It seems that the Coroados usually prefer Sunday for these holidays. Also during these parties, they discuss and resolve war challenges and expeditions against the neighboring tribe and tell hunting stories.

Thus, for months and years, the Indian goes on hunts, war parties, wild parties and repetitive home chores, a coarse life, without ideal, ignorant of the high vocation that humanity tends to. Even when he gradually begins, in a certain way, to get along with the lords of the earth, he is completely unaware of social virtues. Living close to the settlers, he stays in their circle of activity rather than his own, and robs them, when necessity forces him, of cattle and crops. In spreading Christianity among the Indians, much has certainly been done by the

Sao Joao Batista

religious orders and, above all, the Portuguese, in Sao Joao Batista; in fact, however, the meek Coroados and Coropos have so far no idea of the existence of the Christian religion, and only take part in the exteriors of the cult, and yet without persistence. Indeed, it is not uncommon for these men of nature to turn to the church for marriage and the baptism of their children; However, it is only to those ceremonies of worship that they are attracted, which they witness in amazement, without showing emotion or reflection. In this sense, they differ greatly from blacks, who like nothing so much as to fake the ceremonies and functions of priests. Unfortunately, this lack of education must also be blamed on the whites who domesticate them. Settlers, who often settle in the vicinity of the Indians, who are forbidden to reside in those inhabited places, are largely free of prohibitions and the solitude of the woods serves as a refuge against the pursuit of justice. The Indian, exploited by the lust and self-interest of the settlers, lives among them with fear, hatred and distrust. Also the custom of using one nation to harass the other, as has already happened with the Coroados against the Puris, and the cruelty of the military posts, which also used the Puris in the legally authorized extermination war against the Botocudos, has so far

been the hindrance to the civilization of these savages. However, the humanitarian efforts with which Capt. Marliere seeks to domesticate the Coroados have produced the most advantageous results. This nation inhabits the Xipoto River basin, which is therefore called Xipoto dos