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cheap goods for domestic needs, than to take part in the general rejoicing. After the divine service was concluded, we continued the journey, and, fortunately, we managed to leave the parched fields, very exposed to the sun, and reach, in the lowland, a forest of some extensive leagues. As soon as we left the fields, we were in a romantic region. The fields with grasses, bushes and some groves, sometimes rise in graceful hills, through which the labyrinth of the narrow valleys stretches, sometimes crowned with ruined rocks in the fashion of medieval ruins.This characteristic feature only added to the natural beauty. After two days of marching through the Chapel of Santo Eustaquio and Fazenda de Camapua, we crossed a wooden bridge over the Paraopeba River. In this river, the gold washers obtained from the mud much rusty gravel, called by them "tin sand", which, by the most rigorous verification, was found to contain also chromium and manganese. The Diamond District steward, Mr. da Camara, was kind enough to offer us a considerable amount during his stay in Tijuco for the metals we found. To our left were the mountains of Camapua, then the Black Mountain, which borders the Rio das Mortes and Sabara regions.

Granite appears again in many places along this path, and above it in the direction S.W., there is white or talcumite itchite. Scattered along the path is often a small palm species (1), which was just in bloom and surrounded by swarms of the most diverse bee species.

Cocos flexuosa

We left the small ranch that had welcomed us for the Paraopeba Bridge just before dawn to avoid the midday heat. The region around us was always taking on grandeur, reminding us of the Patrician Alps. All nature was fresh and renewed; We rode with merry disposition in the morning mist, and breathed in the fine, fresh perfume that hung in the air of beautiful alpine flowers, freshly opened in the grasses, strewn with dew. The most diverse forms of Rheixas, Melastomaceas, Declieuxias, Lisianthas, Compostas, etc., surrounded us.

Melastoma villosa

We were already on the high lateral branches of the Serra de Congonhas, which rose in beautiful contours to the west, as the fog gradually dissipated to reveal the most varied mountain ridges, which appeared in the gray atmosphere, reddened by the first red rays of the sun. A number of white anus, close to us, resonated in the fields with their


(1) Coconuts flexu, Lent Coconut. (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. and Geogr. Bras.).