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a white suit, especially on party days. The miners’ customs differ from that of the Paulistas’.

Paulista's fashions

The Paulista is usually dressed in a cotton or black Manchester cloth jacket, white waistcoat with gold buttons, velvet calico or Manchester cloth pants, and long white leather boots that are tied above the knee with buckles; the wide-brimmed felt hat serves as a parasol; the sword and often the musket, besides the umbrella, are his inseparable companions upon leaving home. Even short trips do not make them ride beasts. Stirrups and brakes are here made from silver, and the same metal decorates the handle of the machete that they hide in the boot. The women travel on beasts pulled by beasts or carried on blacks, or sit in a car seat holding the backs of mules, dressed in broad blue Amazon and flap hat. In addition, except for the head, which is protected only by parasols, they dress in the fashion of France, with the hem of the underskirt often decorated with flowers, or even with gallant verses, embroidery or printed.

We didn't linger too long in Sao Joao d'El-Rei, because we were looking forward to investigating in the capital, Vila Rica, and all that concerns gold washing and the geological conditions of the mines. The road from here to the northeast runs along the western slope of the Serra de Sao Jose, usually stripped of vegetation, and heads southwest from northeast. On the other side of this mountain is the small town of Sao Jose, which, other than its church, which is the most beautiful of all Minas, offers nothing more noteworthy. Some inhabitants have planted in these valleys, in their orchards European fruit species, with good success; They also made attempts to plant oats, barley and wheat; but these last cereals do not seem to produce so well, because they give more straw than grain, the ears ripen at different times, and also the beans ripen suddenly and fall. On this side of the mountain, along the road, there are no traces of farming; all the fields are parched and deserted on the Canduai Farm, three leagues from Sao Joao, and to the equally distant village of Lagoa Dourada, in whose surroundings very rich gold washes were previously explored. In this last place, the patron saint was celebrated. Some stalls offered for sale primer books, cotton fabrics, hats, tools, gunpowder, etc.; the blacks there formed in groups and made their compelling music resonate on a wooden instrument with taut silk threads, accompanying it with the shrill sounds of the friction of two clubs. Little by little, the neighbors, mounted on beasts, came to attend the Mass; they seemed more committed to buying the