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night, though haunted, showed traces of being cultivated in other times. Some guava trees and calabash trees (Psidium pomiferum and Crescentia cujete L.) were covered with fruit, and the calabash (Cucurbita lagenaria L.) intertwined in the high enclosures.

Cucurbita lagenaria

When, the next day, we descended into the Mandu River valley, crossing several flooded streams, we found the once insignificant river, now overflowing from its banks by a mile and a half, and whole trees and shrubs of myrtle, Sebastian and chomelias, torn from the banks, rolled in Mandu’s dismal waters. After many repeated requests, finally a small canoe came, manned by two mulattoes, which could not even hold the sixth part of our luggage. At the same time we rode, with the greatest risk, another quarter of an hour, through the flooded and often potholed fields, and ordered the mules to be attached behind us until we came to a dry place where the canoe was waiting for us, and where men and baggage could be shipped little by little. The mules were then tied to each other in a long line and entered the river, and followed the canoe, swimming, and the mule driver tried to cheer them up all the time with a loud voice. Fortunately, everything reached the other side, and soon we saw little by little the baggage being rescued. We congratulated each other for having escaped the danger, all the more so since upon our arrival we learned that evening that another troop had lost some mules in the crossing.

The village of Mandu, in a low region and largely covered with woods, had been founded twenty-five years earlier by a captain, as it favored trade in Taubate and Guaratingueta with Minas. The Paulistas carried European goods along this road and brought back cheese, marmalade, some smoke and coarse cotton cloth. Caldas da Rainha, a sulphurous hot spring far from here to the west, two days' travel, has just achieved a great reputation, thus increasing travel to the village, which, moreover, consists only of miserable mud huts. To the north of the Mandu, the next day we had to make the same crossing due to the flooding of the Cervo River crossing.

The forest floor was four to six feet under the water, and the road was equally flooded and filled with deep cauldrons. As we had to pass the animals one by one, that day we could not make more than three leagues when we saw the beautiful hill, on which is the village of Sao Vicente, which consists of some houses. From then on, a new plague began, that is, the ticks (Acarus), foul, flat brownish insect with pointed trunk,