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Remember the Rainforest 1



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The entrance tax for a black man has recently been raised, so the owner has to pay ten thousand reis. Such a tribute is paid at the frontier of each captaincy, proof that the vast kingdom has not yet been properly organized as a whole. They were very kind to us here, and like a concierge offered their services for whatever we needed. As is the case everywhere in Brazil, the customs register is usually not here aimed at travelers' passports, except when they, like ours, contain a special order from the king, a favorable bias for the traveler, allowing him to choose and change the itinerary to his liking.

Ipanema, Sao Paulo to Minas Gerais border

The border is formed on this side by high mountains, covered with closed jungles, through which pass only a few shortcuts, impractical for most of the year, towards Minas. Granite, consisting of reddish quartz feldspar, and small-shale black mica, has, at one and the other point, running beneath it, deposits of

Black mica

syenite. After we have crossed Morro Grande, by a dangerous path, we came down to a plain at the top of the continuation of Morro do Lobo, which rises in

four other hills, where the first settlement of Minas Gerais, the village of Camanducaia is located. The few inhabitants soon came to meet us; But they gaped at us and took our time to no avail.

In the vast ranch, which we first found here, we settled down according to the custom of the country; however, if we were hoping to rest from the fatigue of the trip, we had to be disappointed, as when we were going to sleep we were attacked by so many fleas that in Europe would be considered phenomenal.

To the north of Camanducaia, after passing Roseta and Campinho, we reached again broken mountains, which run overgrown with grass, from south to north, forming deep valleys in the west. The quality of the stone is generally reddish granite. Further investigation of the terrain was impossible, since since our departure from Jundiai, we have been persecuted by incessant rain. We rode almost always involved in thick fog; with that the temperature was low; many days at a time, we read the thermometer in the morning and night at 14 ° R., and rising by noon one degree higher. The innumerable streams of the woods had spilled into the distance, excavating the road, tearing off bridges, turning the lowlands into makeshift lagoons. Anyone who has never been far from Europe, enduring such struggles against bad weather and bad roads, and, moreover, distressingly overseeing the transport of important materials, will not be able to appreciate the weariness of such travels. From morning to night, under torrential rains, we had to attend to ourselves the direction of the troops, who, on impassable roads, could hardly walk;