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Remember the Rainforest 1



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the rigors of religion and authentic science, has imprinted on the European the stamp of dignity and greatness, which has hitherto guided him, ever-victorious, almost instinctively throughout the world; even in the midst of the rough forest people, this protects him, where audacity has replaced primitive simplicity, and everywhere he infuses respect. We also had the occasion, as we lingered longer among the Indians, to experience the dominance that the nature of the whites exerts on them. The indigenous race demonstrates, as well as the ethiopics and mesticos, secret shyness in front of the white, so that a mere look from a white, even his mere presence frightens them, and one white man tacitly rules hundreds of them. This ascendancy acts even greater over the black, who quickly attacks, but not being endowed with true, firm courage, therefore, in the face of the innate superiority of white, is allowed to submit and is subdued psychically by the firm will of the white.

After investigating the nearest surroundings of Ipanema, we extended our tours to the most remote regions. Especially important to us was a visit to Porto-Feliz

Porto Feliz, province of Sao Paulo

on the Tiete River, where we could gather a lot of information about the trade between Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso, which is going from here to there.

Between Ipanema and this port there are five and a half leagues. The road usually goes to N.W. over rolling fields and overgrown bush where we didn't come across any houses. The Captain-General, informed of our coming by the lovely gentleman who hosted and guided us, welcomed us with the utmost cordiality and offered to show us the wonders of the village, which has a few houses on an eminence. The Tiete River, formerly called Anhembi, runs to the west, near the village. Its waters are equally dark and ugly, as in the neighborhood of Sao Paulo. Here, by the confluence of several small rivers and between them the rivers of Pinheiros, Jundiai and Capivari, the Tiete already took large volumes of water, which flows south in the width of twelve to fifteen bracas, between mountainous banks covered with thick woods. Next to the port, which is nothing but a clean cove of weeds and stones, and which, other than dry canoes, has no trace of trade or activity. In that place stands a tall rock, which in the general language is called Macaw-ita-guaba (that is, the place where macaws eat stone), and formerly gave its name to the neighboring village.


These rocks are from the same sandstone formation found in Ipanema. Its surface is lined with a thin, yellowish gray chalky earth, containing, mixed here and there in the mass, fragments of gneiss, clay that appears