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of things, the aroma, the color, the resemblance of certain forms to the parts of the human body, etc., yields analogies about the intimate forms of the former and their action as a healing medium. Thus the gifted Paulista reasoned with a keen sense of nature, finding in every living incarnate a relationship with blood, in the yellow a relationship with bile and liver; he attaches to the red urupe (Boletus sanguineus) which appears suddenly in rotten trees and often only lasts a month, a special virtue in stopping vaginal flow; found in the yellow wood of

Butua (Abuta rufescens) an indication for its efficacy in liver diseases; in the testicular-shaped roots of the Contrayerva (Dorstenia brasiliensis) and in the


cordiform leaves of the Heart of Jesus (Mikania officinalis nob.), was signified the fortifying properties of the nerves and the heart, and they considered the large and magnificent flower of Gomphrena officinalis nob., as an expression of the many excellent virtues of its root, so it designated it with the meaningful name of Paratudo. “for everything”. We could also mention identical products of nature, which, by their qualities, the Paulistas consider effective and which were gradually tried empirically (in fact, very rude), and often employed in their healing. Among these settler people, with their own ingenuity and the munificence of nature that surrounds them, medicine began to flourish with the practice of popular experience and traditions, and took on the same shape it had in Europe during the Middle Ages. Just as Hippocrates once used the temple's votive scales; The illustrious physician should also take advantage of the simple information and experience of the country folk to broaden the treasury of medicine. Especially wounds and external diseases of the most diverse species, are here in the province sometimes treated with surprising success.
Both the speed with which diseases develop in hot countries, and the overly bold way the ignorant doctor cuts the disease with heroic remedies and exaggerated doses, can determine the favorable outcome of many treatments that no one in Europe would dare to risk. Also, the fact that these home remedies from fresh plants are of great importance when used for medicinal purposes in Brazil by the gifted Paulistathe gifted Paulista, while in Europe, because they are farther from nature, city life may detract from their effect. The remedies of the plant kingdom, when they arrive here, have in general already lost much of their strength, and the Brazilian doctor therefore, unscrupulously replaces many of those from abroad, with national products. Only for some remedies there are no substitutes: for example, Icelandic moss, scilla, digitalis, opium, of which the latter has always given good results.