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Remember the Rainforest 1



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due to intermarriage with the Indians. It is strange that the constitution of the primitive American inhabitant is so subject to liver and bacchus affections. Hypertrophy and hardening of these organs or engorgement are very common; and while the disregard for disease must be sought for in the gravity of the disease, the specific modifications of the vascular system of the liver and the skin in the Indian race should also be attributed, as a significant contingent on the genus of diseases, to which they and their mesticos are subject especially. Here you suffer less from the skin than in the northern provinces; Therefore, fewer people are attacked by boils, rashes and scabies. Fevers (sezoes) are also rare in Sao Paulo, and when they occur, they are often due to phlegm and rheumatism, predisposing to the slightest heat of the climate, and rapid changes in temperature. The goiter, which we have already mentioned as endemic disease on the banks of Paraiba, is not general in the city, nor is it as monstrous as it is there. In addition to inflammation, hydrops are common; In general, it seems that the tropical climate favors the development of inflammation, especially with water retention.

The captaincy of Sao Paulo, formed during the reign of King Joao IV (1710), with that of Santo Amaro and part of Sao Vicente, was formerly divided into two regions, that is, of Sao Paulo, with capital of the same name, and that of Paranagua or Curitiba. The first one, about ten years ago, because of population growth, became Itu County (Hytu), whose main point is Vila de Itu. In the southern district, Curitiba became the headquarters of the authorities, instead of Paranagua, with the first judicial authority and the ombudsman. With the exception of the district where the governor resides, it provides not only judicial as well as administrative functions, but has on the Royal Finance Board, after the governor, the first vote. In matters of tax authorities, the Juiz de Fora is deputy to him, as a crown inspector. In the city of Sao Paulo, as well as in the provincial villages, there is a municipal organization, identical to those of Portugal, which also runs the administrative business of the city. The members of this court are chosen by the municipalities from among themselves, and the court consists of a Judge of the Chamber, several councilors, a Chamber clerk and a treasurer. On solemn occasions, Juiz de Fora attends the Chamber sessions; and he, in most cities, is also judge of orphans. The administration of the charities is the responsibility of the municipality. Identical organization is found all over Brazil. In 1808, the captaincy of Sao Paulo had a population of 200,478 souls, 418 priests, of whom