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In Sao Paulo city

The city of Sao Paulo, at the time of our arrival, was governed by a triumvirate, because the Count of Palma (1), who had just taken over the government of Bahia, had not yet been replaced at the time by the Baron of Oeynhausen, son of a German (2).

Province of Sao Paulo

According to ancient practice, in a similar case, the province governs the highest authorities, ecclesiastical, military and civil. This council is chaired by Bishop D. Mateus (3), a worthy eighty-year-old from Madeira who studied in France. He was assisted by the Brigadier of Santos and the Ombudsman of Sao Paulo. We were greeted with great courtesy by these authorities, and were soon pleased to meet our countrymen, Prince of Taxis, Earl of Wrbna, and Count Palfy, who had been here for eight days. These gentlemen, with no reason to linger anywhere on the way from Rio to here, had made the trip in a shorter time and, by the time of our arrival, were about to return. We therefore had only briefly the pleasure of visiting with them, those brought here by the noble curiosity to know the wonders of the oldest city in Brazil; Their farewell made us all the more sensitive because, also, our friend, the painter Thomas Ender, with whom we had lived in Rio, was returning to the capital in the company of the others.

Blessing of colonists on plain of Pratininga, Sao Paulo

The city of Sao Paulo is located on an elevation above the extensive plain of Piratininga. The architecture of its houses with balconies, which have not yet disappeared here, as in Rio, indicates more than a century of existence; however, the streets are very wide, clear and clean, and the houses have mostly two floors


(I) D. Francisco de Assis Mascarenhas, Count of Palma, was Governor and Capitol General of Sao Paulo from 1814 to 1817. (Rev. Note, Ed. Melh.)
2) Joao Carlos Augusto Ulrico of Oeynhausen-Gravenhurg, who had previously been the captain general of Ceara (1803-1807) and Mato Grosso (1807-1818), ruled Sao Paulo from April 25, 1819 to June 3, 1821, the date in which he became the elected president of the Provisional Board, remaining in that position until August 24, 1822. For his service to Brazil, rendered until 1831, was Viscount and Marques de Aracati. (Rev. Note, Inst. Hist. And Geogr. Bras.)
3) D. Mateus de Abreu Pereira, Bishop of Sao Paulo from 1797, where he died in May 1824. (Note from the Rev., Ed. Melh.)