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other remain under the name of Sacurus in the Serra dos Orgaos mountains. Perhaps they mingled with those Carijos, also descendants of the Tamoios, rude cannibals and warriors, which the Portuguese, first arrived in the Rio de Janeiro region, described in the most terrible colors, and against whom Dr. Antonio Salema made in 1572, the last extermination war. The peoples of the American continent undertook, in the early days of their history, migrations similar to those made by the inhabitants of Central Asia to Europe. That the direction generally taken by these migrations was from north to south, this seems beyond doubt, according to the investigations of a celebrated traveler. In addition to the large and general transmigrations of peoples, there were also other partial moves to various directions; The arrival of the Europeans on the coasts of Brazil probably drove many of the most powerful tribes inland, so that only the weakest tribes remained in their former location, which felt more secure with their submission and joining the Portuguese. The most powerful of all nations, the Tupinambis, which the Europeans found on the coast, proves this view, because of their extensive and successive migrations from the shores of Bahia and Pernambuco to Maranhao. Towards and along the Amazon, upstream, to the mouth of the Madeira River, where the last vestiges fled, while their incessant wars still left some in the village of Tupinambarana (today Vila Nova).

We stayed overnight at Tarumi, on a ranch set in a plain surrounded by woods, as we could no longer reach the village of Mogi das Cruzes. In this region we noticed several families of the so-called Cafuso, who are bastards of blacks and Indians. Their appearance is as strange as any European can find.

They are men of tall, corpulent stature, and strong musculature; the chest and upper arm muscles, above all, are very developed; on the contrary, they had relatively thinner feet. The features of the physiognomy generally resemble the etiopathic race more than the American. The skin color is dark copper or brown coffee. The face is oval, the cheeks are very prominent, but less wide and separate than in the Indians; the nose is broad and flat, not upturned or too curved, the broad mouth has thick, equal lips, and, like the chin, not protruding. Black eyes are more prominent than in the other Indians, though somewhat oblique, though not as tightly together as in these; on the other hand, they are not as oblique as in the Ethiopians. What, however, gives these people a singular appearance is their extremely long hair, which in the middle is frizzy to the ends; in the middle of the forehead, it rises to a foot and