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Russia, although the latter, as a war institution, has completely different purposes.

The Village of Areias was born in this mountain range, in the middle of the closed woods, at most, about thirty-five years ago, when some poor settlers settled down, and it undoubtedly presents a brilliant prospect for wealth. The low, slatted houses, lashed with locks and barred barns, and the similarly built little church are very ephemeral in shape, so these dwellings seem to be built for a short time only, as a refuge of travelers. The impression of strength based on the solidity of European housing is lacking here altogether, but in fact it is

Rural lath and clay house

nonetheless appropriate to the climate: the resident, whose residence has no stability, does not need a durable roof. Similar to this village, we find the vast majority of villages in the interior of Brazil, where the well-built family home being rare, always arouses the vivid longing for the charming cleanliness and amenities of our country.

Jesuit mission for Indian tribes

In the vicinity of Areias there is still an insignificant village of Indians, the remnant of numerous tribes who, before the Paulistas took possession of the Serra do Mar, inhabited the entire length of the forest on this mountain; These Indians, now partly exterminated, or mixed with blacks and mulattos, live half uncultured, scattered among the settlers. They stand out, too, for the sluggishness and almost invincible obstinacy of their forebears, maintaining little relationship with the settlers, whose farms and livestock have to suffer the depredations of these bad neighbors.

The inhabitants designate these Indians with the general name of caboclos, and distinguish them from the other non-civilized and the savage Gentiles, Bugres, and Bravos indians. It is likely that these others, who live along the coast, belong to several tribes, whose names have in part been lost. Not knowing how distinguish them from each other, the Portuguese give them the general name of Coroados, because they usually shave their heads, leaving a crown of hair around the temple. Currently, the headquarters of the Coroados is on the banks of the Pomba River, an arm of the Paraiba, and as the Indians usually make their migrations along the river, it seems that they originally spread to the coast from the interior. Remains of the same nation are also those who live together in the village of Valenca, not far from the road from Rio to Vila Rica, between Rio Paraiba and Rio Preto. This place was still, only a few years ago, the only one in the captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, where a considerable number of Indians lived, both baptized and employed.

The site of the establishment favored the tendency of these early men to return from