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by stronger sweating, in contrast to the inertness of the veins and glandular system.

To benefit the Santa Cruz Farm, there was the previous minister, Count de Linhares, who arranged housing for a part of the Chinese settlers, sent to the country. Few of them were present today, as most had gone to town to roam the streets like street vendors, offering little Chinese trinkets, especially cotton upholstery and rockets; diseases and longing for their home had already taken many; heartbreak had wiped out other nearby Chinese. Those still living had made small plantings around their low, neatly laid-down huts, coffee plantations and their favorite flowers, jasmine and peppermint. No one is unaware that the Chinese, in their homeland, pursue agriculture with great knowledge and circumspection, and even in the finer art of gardening they are well educated. We were amazed, therefore, to find so few traces of this ability here, where formerly so many Chinese had been entrusted with farming. The Botanic Garden or Plantation School, set up on a hill, appears to be abandoned, on cultured ground, and the farm garden, next to the royal house, actually grows stronger because it is lower and more watery, but is equally careless. We were shown a branch of grumixama (Myrtus brasiliensis) which, according to the Chinese

method, had been obtained as a snip of the mother plant; It had already achieved considerable growth. The Chinese here use a very sensible system, which is especially recommended in warm lands, where vegetation is more vigorous than in our climate. It consists of wrapping the branch which is to be planted, usually a few inches thick, with a strip of straw on which horse manure is poured and whose volume exceeds it five to six times in thickness; then, below the strip, a circle is cut to the wood, and by means of a bowl with a thin hole, a coconut is usually placed at a high height, which is dripping water on the strip. The branch then throws out fibrous roots, fed by manure, and soon forms such a large bundle of roots that, generally, after two months, one can saw the trunk and put the new plant into the ground, which soon begins to blossom and to give, as an independent tree, the fruits it promised, when it was simple branch. The Chinese also show knowledge that corresponds to our opinion on tree growth, because, in order to obtain fuller plants faster, they trim the thinnest upper branches;