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Etching 31 Jaca Tree  from Martius's Flora Brasiliensis 1840. Thanks to Lehigh U., Special Collections ! Color by C. Miranda Chor

#31 Jaca tree from whose shade you see Rio and Guanabara bay

Latin translation by Ben Hennelly

When our blessed friend Benjamin Mary, through whose service the physiognomy of Brazil's plants is so skillfully illustrated, presented this picture to us, he added that he sketched it from a garden, or "Quinta" from which you see nearby part of the magnificent Carioca aqueduct, the dwelling-place of Lazarus (1),

Etching 42 Aqueduct viewed from a garden in Rio de Janeiro

and some of the city and port of Rio de Janeiro. But he depicted with singular care the tree Artocarpus integrifolia (2) which profusely and with great vigor extends both a brownish stem and branches that stretch out far with thickness, and are equally noteworthy for both the fullness of their generous foliage and their abundance of fruit. Concerning this remarkable tree, brought into Brazil from East India, a whole troop of parasitic Orchideae wanders through the tree. The lovely mulitude of orchids appears here with such variety that we might easily agree with the illustrator, Benjamin Mary, who said Epidendrum fragrans from Capt. George Cook's Botanical Cabinet 1817. Thanks to Lehigh U., Special Collections !that, at the time of bloom, this one tree was for him as good as an entire flowering garden.

Cattleyae Forbesii and Cattleyae LoddigesiiOncidium iridifolium and other species of this genus, Maxillaria HarrisoniaeEpidendron fragrans, and species of AspasiaGomeza and Pleurothallis, in as much as they are pseudo- parasites, present themselves frequently to us throughout the forests of Rio de Janeiro. They are probably also in this picture, but on account of the smallness of the figures cannot be classified into their orders. Pseudo-parasitic Epidendreae are perhaps more numerous here than ground-dwelling Orchideae, to which Aubert du Petit Thouars gave the name Satyriones .

Etching commentary #31