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the rain. This palm tree Ubucu (Manicaria saccifera. Gaertn. and Mart.), is the only Brazilian that has undivided leaves, 20 feet long and 6 wide.

Manicaria saccifera

Manicaria saccifera

The structure of this palm is so tough, that a ceiling, covered by them, if cared for properly can last many years; However, many inhabitants prefer clay tile roofs tiles, for their freshness and light weight. Here, everyone has the idyllic life of happy poverty. A look inside these huts, lets us see mature women and girls, completely naked, but with a naive modesty in their natural state, which, compared to the "Prudery " of our civilization, seems doubly moral. The attitude of the church makes an unjustified insult to these simple peoples’ morality, attributing the low birth rate to their casual attitude about nudity. The hot climate, the cost of garments and habitual nudity have taken their toll on prudery.

We found a lot of women busy modeling clay. They modeled statues and dishes, almost always free hand without a wheel and with the greatest skill. In the corner of the hut, we spotted a poor stove, many fishing utensils, nets, as well as bows and arrows, weapons that not only the Indians, but also the other inhabitants of color, usually use.

A cylindrical basket (tipiti), of about 6 feet in length was full of grated cassava, and, its lower part weighted with a stone, hangs from one of the poles of the shack. By this simple process, the poisonous juice of the fresh roots is squeezed and falls into a container.


That cassava juice, thickened by fire and mixed with pepper (capsicum), produces the “tucupi", the usual sauce of all meat dishes, of which the Paraenses make such constant use, just as eastern India employs soy sauce.

Preparing cassava

To bake, the roots of cassava are arranged in some round clay ovens among the cutters, under straw ceilings, probably belonging in common to the village. Clothing, which is not in use, is dried by hanging over the bushes around the cabins, and stored in coarse boxes, which also contain other objects of domestic use. While the Norseman of extreme northern European does not lock his hut, because he trusts the neighbor's loyalty more than locks and bolts, the Indian colonist in Marajo, leaves his hut open, because he has nothing of value. Lacking curiosity he does not expect to find exceptional things in the house of his neighbors. How different, in this sense, is the mentality of the Negro! He carefully closes his dwelling, recognizing the value of his possessions because he loves their convenience, and this attitude stimulates activity and gain. We seek in vain other evidence of industry in such indolent people as the people of Breves.

Breves, Marajo island today

In fact, excellent café is cultivated here, but we find the bushes of the coffee plantations planted by the Jesuits in Melgaco, a place belonging to the parish