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extensive district, and this last article mainly encourages trade in Carinhanha and in the Registry station at the border of Minas Gerais, on the other side, Malhada.

For this village we had dispatched the excess of our luggage from Salgado and arranged to meet some patients who wanted to consult us. So we set out on 24 September from Carinhanha, whose hospitable inhabitants live in a settlement superior to Malhada due to its higher and healthier position. We took a barge in order to cross the river to the Registry where we were relieved, finding our collections in good condition under the guard of Sergeant Major, Mr. Tome Inacio Ribeiro. This excellent man gave us some official tables about the importation and exportation of customs, which he managed as a loyal duty collector, and which we reproduced at the end of the chapter. (Cream III).

This customs station, besides being the least profitable of Rio Pardo, is the only one between the provinces of Bahia and Minas Gerais, and yields to the State, annually, from seven to a thousand cruzados. Malhada is on the side of the main road - between the cities of Bahia, Goias, Mato Grosso and Cuiaba - in which twenty large mule troops can travel side by side. Since, for an arroba of the various European products, called "the kingdom", as well as for wine and even tools, the fee of 1 $ 120 is charged. This income, despite the poor communication with such remote regions, is nonetheless large, and, as the transit stop in Goias also charges again when the goods go further, it is understood that even cheap goods from Europe can only be bought on the western frontier of Brazil. The salt, extracted from the banks of the Sao Francisco River, is carried to the provinces of Bahia and Pernambuco in leather bags, each of which, weighing thirty or forty pounds, pays one hundred cruzados for entry rights. Tobacco, wine and oil are imported, and, on the other hand, the province of Minas Gerais sends manioc flour, corn, beans, bacon, dried and salted meat, wax, leathers and sugar. As the northern provinces are often plagued by sterility and even long droughts, their interior is also sparsely populated and cultivated, thus partly dependent on this import. The miners, in turn, take advantage of imported salt in considerable amounts for their cattle, with only a small part is for domestic use, as it is impure and heavily impregnated with saltpeter. The amounts of salt found here in the Register are

Salt transport to Vila Rica

escorted to Vila Rica by a part of the detachment of Dragoes from the garrison, since it belongs to Malhada, although it is located north of Rio Verde Grande, and is also located in the province of Bahia.

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