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Remember the Rainforest 1

 

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France has recently exported, mainly from the Havre de Grace and Brest, luxury goods, jewelry, furniture, wax candles, medicines, fine liquors, copper paintings and engravings, French books, silk fabrics, mirrors, hardware, fine crystals and porcelain, dried fruits, olive oil and butter. The Netherlands sends to this market beer, glassware, lasers, geneva, which for its diuretic properties is widely used in tropical countries, paper, etc. Austria has been sending many trade goods to Rio, particularly watches, pianos, shotguns, wool upholstery, silk and half-silk fabrics, cotton velvet, flannel, mortars, iron straps, hooks, pocketknives, brushes and scrapers, mercury, sublimated, cinnabar, vitriol, ammonia salt, tin, lead, copper, zinc, antimony, wire, arsenic, white and yellow wax, zarcao, nails, fish glue, pepper and gold. Germany, which used to do very extensive Bohemian crystal and linen trade with Portugal and Spain, has been trying to ship these goods directly to Brazil, but has only been doing well with iron and tin objects and Nurenberg toys, made according to the formats used in the country. Russia and Sweden provide iron, steel, copper containers, candle cloth, cables, rigging and tar. North America exports to Rio mainly cereals, tallow, sperm candles, biscuits, whale oil, tar, leather, boards, pitch, potash and rough furniture. Trade with the coast of Africa brings here few articles, and these, as it were, only as a bonus for the purchase of black slaves. The number of these is considerable: by 1817, 20,075 individuals must have been exported from the ports of Guinea and Mozambique to Rio de Janeiro under the Portuguese flag. The goods imported from Mozambique, besides the slaves, are gold bread, ivory, pepper, calumba root, ebony and cocoon grains, sometimes also East Indian goods. From Angola and Benguela they bring wax, palm oil (Elaeis guineensis L.), peanut oil from Arachis hypogaea L. seeds, ivory, sulfur, finally some gum arabic. Both of these last articles, besides salt, come mainly from the Cape Verde Islands.

Rio's direct trade with East India has become very considerable since the king's arrival, as several of the most important trading houses in Lisbon have been established here; this closer proximity has benefited his dealings with East India, and with China even greater increase; For this reason, the commerce of Lisbon suffered no small decrease. The ships were usually going to various English ports in India, then to Macao, a voyage that usually took eight, ten or twelve months.

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